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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=EngvarB |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B=

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Kingdom of Tonga
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Ko e Otua mo Tonga ko hoku tofi"
"God and Tonga are my Inheritance"
Anthem: [[Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga|Ko e fasi e tu e Otu Tonga]]
The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands
Capital
and largest city
[[Nukuʻalofa|Nuku]]
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:21|08|S|175|12|W|type:city||

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Official languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Religion Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga
Demonym Tongan
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Tupou VI
 -  Prime Minister ʻAkilisi Pohiva
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Independence
 -  from British protection 4 June 1970 
Area
 -  Total 748 km2 (186th)
289 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.0
Population
 -  2011 census 103,036<ref>Tonga National Population Census 2011; Preliminary Count. pmo.gov.to (22 December 2011).</ref>
 -  Density 139/km2 (76tha)
360/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $763 million<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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}}</ref>
 -  Per capita $7,344<ref name=imf2/>
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $439 million<ref name=imf2/>
 -  Per capita $4,220<ref name=imf2/>
HDI (2013)Steady 0.705<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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high · 100th
Currency [[Tongan paʻanga|Pa]] (TOP)
Time zone (UTC+13)
DST not observed
Drives on the left
Calling code +676
ISO 3166 code TO
Internet TLD .to
a. Based on 2005 figures.

Tonga (

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{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}}; Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 177 islands with a total surface area of about {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} scattered over {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} of the southern Pacific Ocean, of which 52 islands are inhabited by its 103,000 people.<ref>Official Tongan Government Tourism Website</ref> Seventy percent of Tongans reside on the main island of Tongatapu.

Tonga stretches over about {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} in a north-south line – about a third of the distance from New Zealand to Hawaii. It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna (France) to the northwest, Samoa to the northeast, Niue to the east, Kermadec (part of New Zealand) to the southwest, and New Caledonia (France) and Vanuatu to the farther west.

Tonga became known as the Friendly Islands because of the congenial reception accorded to Captain James Cook on his first visit in 1773. He arrived at the time of the festival, the yearly donation of the First Fruits to the [[Tuʻi Tonga|Tu Tonga]] (the islands' paramount chief) and so received an invitation to the festivities. According to the writer William Mariner, the chiefs wanted to kill Cook during the gathering but could not agree on a plan.<ref>Mariner, William and Martin, John (1817). An account of the natives of the Tonga islands in the south Pacific ocean: With an original grammar and vocabulary of their language. Compiled and arranged from the extensive communications of Mr. William Mariner, several years' resident in those islands, Volume 2, pp. 64–65. Retrieved 3 November 2010.</ref>

Tonga has never lost its sovereignty to a foreign power.<ref>[1]. The Commonwealth.</ref> In 2010, Tonga took a decisive step towards becoming a fully functioning constitutional monarchy, after legislative reforms paved the way for its first partial representative elections.

Etymology

In many Polynesian languages, Tongan included, the word tonga means "south", as the archipelago is the southernmost group of islands of central Polynesia. In Tongan, the name is pronounced

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{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}},<ref>Churchward, C.M. (1985) Tongan grammar, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-908717-05-9</ref> and it is commonly pronounced as {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} in English. The name of Tonga is cognate to the Hawaiian region of Kona.


Tonga sections
Intro  History  Geography  Politics  Economy  Demographics   Culture   See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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