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Kingdom of Thailand
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Flag of Thailand Emblem of Thailand
Flag Emblem
Motto: 
ชาติ ศาสนา พระมหากษัตริย์{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Thai)
Chat, Satsana, Phra Maha Kasat
"Nation, Religions, King"
Anthem: Phleng Chat Thai
()
File:Thai National Anthem - US Navy Band.ogg

Royal anthemSansoen Phra Barami
()
File:Thai Royal Anthem - US Navy Band.ogg
2}}(dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Thailand{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

in ASEAN{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Location of Thailand
Capital
and largest city
Bangkok
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:13|45|N|100|29|E|type:city||

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Official languages Thai<ref name=CIA>Thailand, The World Factbook.</ref>
Ethnic groups (2009<ref name="West794">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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{{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Religion Buddhism
Demonym Thai
Siamese (archaic)
Government Constitutional monarchy under military junta
 -  Monarch Bhumibol Adulyadej
 -  Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha
Legislature National Assembly (currently dissolved)
Formation
 -  Sukhothai Kingdom 1238–1448 
 -  Ayutthaya Kingdom 1351–1767 
 -  Thonburi Kingdom 1768–1782 
 -  Rattanakosin Kingdom 6 April 1782 
 -  Constitutional monarchy 24 June 1932 
 -  Current constitution 22 July 2014<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Area
 -  Total 513,120 km2 (51st)
198,115 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.4 (2,230 km2)
Population
 -  2014<ref name=WPR /> estimate 67,091,120<ref name=WPR>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  2010 census 64,785,909<ref>(Thai){{#invoke:Category handler|main}} National Statistics Office, "100th anniversary of population censuses in Thailand: Population and housing census 2010: 11th census of Thailand". popcensus.nso.go.th.</ref>
 -  Density 132.1/km2 (88th)
342/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total US$1.107 trillion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Per capita US$16,081<ref name=imf2/>
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}}
 -  Per capita US$5,426<ref name=imf2/>
Gini (2010)39.4<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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medium
HDI (2013)11px 0.722<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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high · 89th
Currency Baht (฿) (THB)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Drives on the left
Calling code +66
ISO 3166 code TH
Internet TLD {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}

{{#invoke:Side box|main}} Thailand ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} TY-land or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} TY-lənd;<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> , rtgsPrathet Thai), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (, rtgsRatcha-anachak Thai; IPA: [râːt.tɕʰá.ʔāː.nāː.tɕàk tʰāj]), formerly known as Siam (; rtgsSayam), is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.

Thailand is governed by a military junta that took power in the May 2014 coup d'état.<ref name="ThailandPM">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Its monarchy is headed by King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who is called Rama IX as he is the ninth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty, and has reigned since 1946 as the world's longest-serving head of state and the country's longest-reigning monarch<ref name="longestthai">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> (he has reigned for 75 years, 233 days)

With a total area of approximately {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}, Thailand is the world's 51st-largest country. It is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 66 million people. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, which is Thailand's political, commercial, industrial, and cultural hub. About 75–95% of the population is ethnically Tai, which includes four major regional groups: central Thai, northeastern Thai (Khon [Lao] Isan),<ref name=McCargoHong/> northern Thai (Khon Mueang); and southern Thai. Thai Chinese, those of significant Chinese heritage, are 14% of the population,<ref name="West794"/> while Thais with partial Chinese ancestry comprise up to 40% of the population.<ref name="Theraphan">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Thai Malays represent 3% of the population, with the remainder consisting of Mons, Khmers and various "hill tribes". The country's official language is Thai and the primary religion is Theravada Buddhism, which is practised by around 95% of the population.

Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1996, becoming a newly industrialised country and a major exporter. Manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.<ref name="middleIncomeCountry">Thailand and the World Bank, World Bank on Thailand country overview.</ref><ref name="GuardianThailandOverview">The Guardian, Country profile: Thailand, 25 April 2009.</ref> Among the ten ASEAN countries, Thailand ranks third in quality of life.<ref name="HDI"/> and the country's HDI is rated as "high". Its large population and growing economic influence have made it a middle power in the region and around the world.<ref>Jonathan H. Ping Middle Power Statecraft (p 104)</ref>

Etymology


Thailand sections
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