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In science and technology studies, technoscience is the technological and social context of science. Technoscience recognises that scientific knowledge is not only socially coded and historically situated but sustained and made durable by material (non-human) networks. Technoscience states that the fields of science and technology are linked and grow together, and scientific knowledge requires an infrastructure of technology in order to remain stationary or move forward.

"Technoscience" is a term coined by French philosopher Gaston Bachelard in 1953.<ref>Gaston Bachelard, La materialisme rationel, Paris: PUF, 1953.</ref><ref>Don Ihde, Expanding Hermeneutics: Visualism in Science, Northwestern University Press, 1999, p. 8.</ref><ref>James M. M. Good, Irving Velody, The Politics of Postmodernity, Cambridge University Press, 1998, p. 178.</ref> It was popularized in the French-speaking world by Belgian philosopher Gilbert Hottois in the late 1970s/early 1980s, and entered academic usage in English in the early 2000s.<ref>See for example: Ginette Verstraete, Tim Cresswell, Mobilizing Place, Placing Mobility: The Politics of Representation in a Globalized World, Rodopi, 2002, p. 20.</ref>


Technoscience sections
Intro  Conceptual levels of technoscience  Facets of Technoscience  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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