Talmud::jewish    Hebrew::study    Judaism::mishnah    Talmudic::torah    Gemara::title    Which::edition


The Talmud ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hebrew:

  1. REDIRECT talmūd{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} "instruction, learning", from a root lmd{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism. It is also traditionally referred to as Shas{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (
  2. REDIRECT ), a Hebrew abbreviation of shisha sedarim{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, the "six orders". The term "Talmud" normally refers to the collection of writings named specifically the Babylonian Talmud, although there is also an earlier collection known as the Jerusalem Talmud, or Palestinian Talmud. When referring to post-biblical periods, namely those of the creation of the Talmud, the Talmudic academies and the Babylonian exilarchate, Jewish sources use the term "Babylonia" from a strictly Jewish point of view,<ref name=JewishEnc></ref> still using this name after it had become obsolete in geopolitical terms.

The Talmud has two components: the Mishnah (Hebrew: משנה, c. 200 CE), a written compendium of Rabbinic Judaism's Oral Torah (Talmud translates literally as "instruction" in Hebrew); and the Gemara (c. 500 CE), an elucidation of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Hebrew Bible. The term "Talmud" may refer to either the Gemara alone, or the Mishnah and Gemara together.

The entire Talmud consists of 63 tractates, and in standard print is over 6,200 pages long. It is written in Tannaitic Hebrew and Aramaic, and contains the teachings and opinions of thousands of pre-Christian Era rabbis on a variety of subjects, including Halakha (law), Jewish ethics, philosophy, customs, history, lore and many other topics. The Talmud is the basis for all codes of Jewish law, and is widely quoted in rabbinic literature.

Talmud sections
Intro  History  Structure  Bavli and Yerushalmi  Language  Printing  Translations  Talmud scholarship  Role in Judaism   Talmud in the visual arts   Other contexts  Criticism  See also  Notes  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: History