Actions

Korean Taekwondo Vocabulary::Taekwondo

::concepts

Martial::korean    Title::style    First::sparring    Called::korea    Kukkiwon::world    Schools::styles

Korean Taekwondo Vocabulary In taekwondo schools - even outside Korea - Korean language commands and vocabulary are often used. Korean numerals may be used as prompts for commands or for counting repetition exercises. Different schools and associations will use different vocabulary, however, and may even refer to entirely different techniques by the same name. As one example, in Kukkiwon/WTF-style taekwondo, the term ap seogi refers to an upright walking stance, while in ITF/Chang Hon-style taekwondo ap seogi refers to a long, low, front stance. Korean vocabulary commonly used in taekwondo schools includes:

Basic Commands
English Hangul (한글) Hanja (한자/漢字) Revised Romanization
Attention 차렷 Charyeot (chah-ryuht')
Ready 준비 準備 Junbi (joon'-bee)
Begin 시작 始作 Sijak (shee—jahk')
Finish / Stop 그만 Geuman (geuh'-mahn)
Bow 경례 敬禮 Gyeongnye (kyuhng'-ryeh)
Resume / Continue 계속 繼續 Gyesok (kyeh'-sohk)
Return to ready 바로 Baro (bah'-roh or pah'-roh)
Relax / At ease 쉬어 Swieo (shwee'-uh)
Rest / Take a break 휴식 Hyusik (hyoo'-sheek)
Turn around / About face 뒤로돌아 Dwilo dol-a (dwee'-roh doh'-rah)
Yell 기합 氣合 Gihap (kee'-hahp)
Look / Focus 시선 視線 Siseon
By the count 구령에 맞춰서 口令에 맞춰서 Guryeong-e majchwoseo
Without count 구령 없이 口令 없이 Guryeong eobs-i
Switch feet 발 바꿔 Bal bakkwo
Dismissed 해산 解散 Haesan (heh'-sahn)
Hand Techniques
English Hangul (한글) Hanja (한자/漢字) Revised Romanization
Hand Techniques 수 기 手技 Su gi
Attack / Strike / Hit 공격 攻擊 Gong-gyeog
…also Strike 치기 Chigi
Block 막기 Maggi
Punch/hit Gwon
Middle punch 중 권 中拳 Jung gwon
Back fist 갑 권 甲拳 / 角拳 Gab gwon
Knife hand (edge) 수도 手刀 Su Do
To pierce / spear Gwan
Spear hand 관 수 貫手 Gwan su
Ridge hand 역 수도 逆手刀 Yeog su do
Hammer fist 권도 拳刀 / 拳槌 Gweon do
Pliers hand 집게 손 Jibge son
Palm heel 장관 掌貫 Jang gwan
Elbow 팔꿈 Palkkum
Gooseneck 손목 등 Sonmog deung
Side punch 횡진 공격 橫進攻擊 Hoengjin gong gyeog
Mountain block 산 막기 山막기 San maggi
One finger fist 일 지 권 一指拳 il ji gwon
1 finger spear hand 일 지관 수 一指貫手 il ji gwan su
2 finger spear hand 이지관수 二指貫手 i ji gwan su
Double back fist 장갑권 長甲拳 Jang gab gwon
Double hammer fist 장 권도 長拳刀 Jang gwon do
Foot Techniques
English Hangul (한글) Hanja (한자/漢字) Revised Romanization
Foot Techniques 족기 足技 Jog gi
Kick 차기 Chagi (chah'-gee)
Front snap kick 앞 차기 Ap chagi
…also Front snap kick 앞 차넣기 Ap chaneohgi
…also Front snap kick 앞 뻗어 차기 Ap ppeod-eo chagi
Inside-out heel kick 안에서 밖으로 차기 An-eseo bakk-eulo chagi
Outside-in heel kick 밖에서 안으로 차기 Baggeso aneuro chagi
Stretching front kick 앞 뻗어 올리 기 Ap ppeod-eo olli gi
Roundhouse kick 돌려 차기 Dollyeo chagi
...also Roundhouse kick Ap dollyeo chagi
Side kick 옆 차기 Yeop chagi
…also Snap Side kick 옆 뻗어 차기 Yeop ppeod-eo chagi
Hook kick 후려기 차기 Hulyeogi chagi
…also hook kick 후려 차기 Huryeo chagi
Back kick 뒤 차기 Dwi chagi
…also Spin Back kick 뒤 돌려 차기 Dwi dollyeo chagi
Spin hook kick 뒤 돌려 후려기 차기 Dwi dollyeo hulyeogi chagi
Knee strike 무릎 차기 Mu reup chagi
Reverse round kick 빗 차기 Bit chagi
Stances
English Hangul (한글) Hanja (한자/漢字) Revised Romanization
Stances 자세 姿勢 Seogi (stance) or Jase (posture)
Ready stance 준비 자세 準備 姿勢 Junbi seogi (or jase)
Front Stance 전굴 자세 前屈 姿勢 Jeongul seogi (or jase)
Back Stance 후굴 자세 後屈 姿勢 Hugul seogi (or jase)
Horse-riding Stance 기마 자세 騎馬 姿勢 Gima seogi (or jase)
…also Horse-riding Stance 기마립 자세 騎馬立 姿勢 Gimalip seogi (or jase)
Side Stance 사고립 자세 四股立 姿勢 Sagolib seogi (or jase)
Cross legged stance 교차 립 자세 交(叉/差)立 姿勢 Gyocha lib seogi (or jase)
Technique Direction
English Hangul (한글) Hanja (한자/漢字) Revised Romanization
Moving forward 전진 推進 Jeonjin
Backing up / retreat 후진 後進 Hujin
Sideways/laterally 횡진 橫進 Hoengjin
Reverse (hand/foot) 역진 逆進 Yeogjin
Lower 하단 下段 Hadan
Middle 중단 中段 Jungdan
Upper 상단 上段 Sangdan
Two handed 쌍수 雙手 Ssangsu
Both hands 양수 兩手 Yangsu
Lowest 최 하단 最下段 Choe hadan
Right side 오른 쪽 Oleun jjog
Left side 왼 쪽 Oen jjog
Other side/Twist 틀어 Teul-eo
Inside-outside 안에서 밖으로 An-eseo bakk-eulo
Outside inside 밖에서 안으로 Bakk-eseo an-eulo
Jumping / 2nd level 이단 二段 Idan (Ee'-dahn)
Hopping / Skipping 뜀을 Ttwim-eul
Double kick 두 발 Du bal
Combo kick 연속 連續 Yeonsog
Same foot 같은 발 Gat-eun bal
Titles
English Hangul (한글) Hanja (한자/漢字) Revised Romanization
Founder/President 관장 님 館長님 Gwanjang nim
Master instructor 사범 님 師範님 Sabeom nim
Teacher 교사 님 敎師님 Gyosa nim
Black Belt Dan
Student or Color Belt Geup
Master level 고단자 高段者 Godanja
Other/Miscellaneous
English Hangul (한글) Hanja (한자/漢字) Revised Romanization
School Gwan (kwan)
Country Flag 국기 國旗 Guggi (koohk'-ki)
Salute the flag 국기 배례 國旗 拜禮 Guggi baerye
Pay respect / bow 경례 敬禮 Gyeongnye
Moment of silence 묵념 默念 Mugnyeom
Sit down! 앉아! Anj-a!
Thank you 감사합니다 感謝합니다 Gamsa hamnida
Informal thank you 고맙습니다 Gomabseubnida
You’re welcome 천만에요 Cheonman-eyo
Uniform 도복 道服 Dobog (dobok)
Belt Tti
Studio / School / Gym 도장 道場 Dojang
Test 심사 審査 Simsa
Self Defense 호신술 護身術 Ho sin sul
Sparring (Kukkiwon/WTF-style) 겨루기 Gyeorugi
...also Sparring (Chang Hon/ITF-style) 맞서기 Matseogi
...also Sparring 대련 對練 Daelyeon
Free sparring 자유 대련 自由 對練 Jayu daelyeon
Ground Sparring 좌 대련 座 對練 Jwa daelyeon
One step sparring 일 수식 대련 一數式 對練 il su sig daelyeon
Three step sparring 삼 수식 대련 三數式 對練 Sam su sig daelyeon
Board Breaking 격파 擊破 Gyeog pa

Taekwondo sections
Intro   History   Features   Equipment and facilities    Styles and organizations   Forms or Patterns  [[Taekwondo?section={{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}_Ranks,_belts,_and_promotion|{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}} Ranks, belts, and promotion]]   Historical influences   Philosophy  Competition  Korean Taekwondo Vocabulary  See also  References  

Korean Taekwondo Vocabulary
PREVIOUS: CompetitionNEXT: See also
<<>>