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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

Swiss Confederation
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
[[File:Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg95px|125px|border|alt=|Flag of Switzerland]]
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (language?)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of  Switzerland{{#invoke:String
Location of  Switzerland{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & dark grey)

CapitalNone (de jure)
Bern (de facto)<ref group=note>De jure "federal city"; de facto capital. Due to historical federalist sensibilities, Swiss law does not designate a formal capital; and some federal institutions such as courts are located in other cities.</ref><ref name="deFacto">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=journal }}</ref>
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:46|57|N|7|27|E|type:city|| | |name=

}}
Largest city Zürich
Official languages German; French; Italian; Romansh
Demonym Swiss
Government Federal multi-party directorial republic with thorough elements of direct democracy
 -  Federal Council {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
 -  Federal Chancellor Corina Casanova
Legislature Federal Assembly
 -  Upper house Council of States
 -  Lower house National Council
History
 -  Foundation date {{{1}}} celebrated on 1 August 1291 
 -  Treaty of Basel (1499) 22 September 1499 
 -  Peace of Westphalia 24 October 1648 
 -  Restoration 7 August 1815 
 -  Federal state 12 September 1848<ref>A solemn declaration of the Tagsatzung declared the Federal Constitution adopted on 12 September 1848. A resolution of the Tagsatzung of 14 September 1848 specified that the powers of the institutions provided for by the 1815 Federal Treaty would expire at the time of the constitution of the Federal Council, which took place on 16 November 1848.</ref> 
Area
 -  Total 41,285 km2 (135th)
15,940 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.2
Population
 -  September 2014 estimate 8,211,700<ref name=PopEstimate1>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (96th)
 -  2013 census 8,139,600<ref name=PopCensus>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
 -  Density 198/km2 (65th)
477.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $480.938 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (39th)
 -  Per capita $58,731<ref name=imf2/> (9th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $688.434 billion<ref name=imf2/> (19th)
 -  Per capita $84,070<ref name=imf2/> (2nd)
Gini (2013)33.7<ref name=eurogini>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.917<ref name=HDI>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
very high · 3rd
Currency Swiss franc (CHF)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on the right
Calling code +41
Patron saint St Nicholas of Flüe
ISO 3166 code CH
Internet TLD .ch
Website
http://www.admin.ch

Switzerland ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; German: Schweiz{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [ˈʃvaɪts];<ref group=note>Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz [ˈʃʋit͡s]. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons.</ref> French: Suisse{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [sɥis(ə)]; Italian: Svizzera{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [ˈzvittsera]; Romansh: Svizra{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [ˈʒviːtsrɐ] or [ˈʒviːtsʁːɐ]),<ref group=note>The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.</ref> officially the Swiss Confederation (Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, hence its abbreviation CH), is a country in Europe. While still named the "Swiss Confederation" for historical reasons, modern Switzerland is a federal directorial republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities, called Bundesstadt ("federal city").<ref name="deFacto"/><ref group=note>According to the Swiss constitution there is intentionally no capital ruling the Swiss Confederation, but in Bern you find governmental institutions, such as the parliament and the Federal Council. The Federal Court however is situated in Lausanne. The Federal Court of Criminality is in Bellinzona. The Federal Court of Administration and the Federal Court of Patents however are in St Gallen. Exemplifying the very federal nature of the Swiss Confederation!</ref> The country is situated in Western and Central Europe,<ref group=note>There are several definitions. See Geography of Switzerland#Western or Central Europe?.</ref> where it is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}. While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8 million people is concentrated mostly on the Plateau, where the largest cities are to be found; among them are the two global and economic centres, Zürich and Geneva.

The establishment of the Swiss Confederation is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291, which is celebrated annually as Swiss National Day. The country has a long history of armed neutrality—it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815—and did not join the United Nations until 2002. Nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world.<ref>Thomas Fleiner, Alexander Misic, Nicole Töpperwien, Swiss Constitutional Law, p. 28, Kluwer Law International</ref> In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to numerous international organizations, including the second largest UN office. On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably, it is not part of the European Union, nor the European Economic Area. However the country does participate in the Schengen Area and the EU's single market through a number of bilateral treaties.

Straddling the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Therefore, the Swiss, although predominantly German-speaking, do not form a nation in the sense of a common ethnicity or language; rather, Switzerland's strong sense of identity and community is founded on a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy,<ref>Constitutional Patriotism and Exclusion: the Swiss Case{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link] }} euroculturemaster.org. Retrieved on 30 July 2009</ref> and Alpine symbolism.<ref name=j1>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

Switzerland ranks high in several metrics of national performance, including government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic competitiveness, and human development. It has the highest nominal wealth per adult (financial and non-financial assets) in the world according to Credit Suisse and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product on the IMF list.<ref name="Digitaljournal.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>Franc's rise puts Swiss top of rich list Simon Bowers, guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 19 October 2011</ref> Zürich and Geneva each have been ranked among the top cities with the highest quality of life in the world (the former coming second globally according to Mercer).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Switzerland sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Politics  Economy and labour law  Demographics  Culture  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  Bibliography  External links  

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Swiss::federal    Title::admin    German::style    Language::european    Country::index    Which::world

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

Swiss Confederation
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
[[File:Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg95px|125px|border|alt=|Flag of Switzerland]]
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (language?)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of  Switzerland{{#invoke:String
Location of  Switzerland{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & dark grey)

CapitalNone (de jure)
Bern (de facto)<ref group=note>De jure "federal city"; de facto capital. Due to historical federalist sensibilities, Swiss law does not designate a formal capital; and some federal institutions such as courts are located in other cities.</ref><ref name="deFacto">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=journal }}</ref>
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:46|57|N|7|27|E|type:city|| | |name=

}}
Largest city Zürich
Official languages German; French; Italian; Romansh
Demonym Swiss
Government Federal multi-party directorial republic with thorough elements of direct democracy
 -  Federal Council {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
 -  Federal Chancellor Corina Casanova
Legislature Federal Assembly
 -  Upper house Council of States
 -  Lower house National Council
History
 -  Foundation date {{{1}}} celebrated on 1 August 1291 
 -  Treaty of Basel (1499) 22 September 1499 
 -  Peace of Westphalia 24 October 1648 
 -  Restoration 7 August 1815 
 -  Federal state 12 September 1848<ref>A solemn declaration of the Tagsatzung declared the Federal Constitution adopted on 12 September 1848. A resolution of the Tagsatzung of 14 September 1848 specified that the powers of the institutions provided for by the 1815 Federal Treaty would expire at the time of the constitution of the Federal Council, which took place on 16 November 1848.</ref> 
Area
 -  Total 41,285 km2 (135th)
15,940 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.2
Population
 -  September 2014 estimate 8,211,700<ref name=PopEstimate1>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (96th)
 -  2013 census 8,139,600<ref name=PopCensus>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
 -  Density 198/km2 (65th)
477.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $480.938 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (39th)
 -  Per capita $58,731<ref name=imf2/> (9th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $688.434 billion<ref name=imf2/> (19th)
 -  Per capita $84,070<ref name=imf2/> (2nd)
Gini (2013)33.7<ref name=eurogini>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.917<ref name=HDI>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
very high · 3rd
Currency Swiss franc (CHF)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on the right
Calling code +41
Patron saint St Nicholas of Flüe
ISO 3166 code CH
Internet TLD .ch
Website
http://www.admin.ch

Switzerland ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; German: Schweiz{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [ˈʃvaɪts];<ref group=note>Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz [ˈʃʋit͡s]. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons.</ref> French: Suisse{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [sɥis(ə)]; Italian: Svizzera{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [ˈzvittsera]; Romansh: Svizra{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [ˈʒviːtsrɐ] or [ˈʒviːtsʁːɐ]),<ref group=note>The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.</ref> officially the Swiss Confederation (Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, hence its abbreviation CH), is a country in Europe. While still named the "Swiss Confederation" for historical reasons, modern Switzerland is a federal directorial republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities, called Bundesstadt ("federal city").<ref name="deFacto"/><ref group=note>According to the Swiss constitution there is intentionally no capital ruling the Swiss Confederation, but in Bern you find governmental institutions, such as the parliament and the Federal Council. The Federal Court however is situated in Lausanne. The Federal Court of Criminality is in Bellinzona. The Federal Court of Administration and the Federal Court of Patents however are in St Gallen. Exemplifying the very federal nature of the Swiss Confederation!</ref> The country is situated in Western and Central Europe,<ref group=note>There are several definitions. See Geography of Switzerland#Western or Central Europe?.</ref> where it is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}. While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8 million people is concentrated mostly on the Plateau, where the largest cities are to be found; among them are the two global and economic centres, Zürich and Geneva.

The establishment of the Swiss Confederation is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291, which is celebrated annually as Swiss National Day. The country has a long history of armed neutrality—it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815—and did not join the United Nations until 2002. Nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world.<ref>Thomas Fleiner, Alexander Misic, Nicole Töpperwien, Swiss Constitutional Law, p. 28, Kluwer Law International</ref> In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to numerous international organizations, including the second largest UN office. On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably, it is not part of the European Union, nor the European Economic Area. However the country does participate in the Schengen Area and the EU's single market through a number of bilateral treaties.

Straddling the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Therefore, the Swiss, although predominantly German-speaking, do not form a nation in the sense of a common ethnicity or language; rather, Switzerland's strong sense of identity and community is founded on a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy,<ref>Constitutional Patriotism and Exclusion: the Swiss Case{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link] }} euroculturemaster.org. Retrieved on 30 July 2009</ref> and Alpine symbolism.<ref name=j1>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

Switzerland ranks high in several metrics of national performance, including government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic competitiveness, and human development. It has the highest nominal wealth per adult (financial and non-financial assets) in the world according to Credit Suisse and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product on the IMF list.<ref name="Digitaljournal.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>Franc's rise puts Swiss top of rich list Simon Bowers, guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 19 October 2011</ref> Zürich and Geneva each have been ranked among the top cities with the highest quality of life in the world (the former coming second globally according to Mercer).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Switzerland sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Politics  Economy and labour law  Demographics  Culture  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  Bibliography  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
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