::Sunni Islam


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Malaysian Sunni Muslims in a Mawlid procession in capital Putrajaya, 2013.

Sunni Islam ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}) is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's first Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr. Sunni Islam primarily contrasts with Shia Islam, which holds that Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib, not Abu Bakr, was his first caliph.

Sunni Islam is by far the largest denomination of Islam. As of 2009, Sunni Muslims constituted 87-90% of the world's Muslim population.<ref name=PEW2009>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Its adherents are referred to in Arabic as ahl as-sunnah wa l-jamāʻah (Arabic: أهل السنة والجماعة‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), "people of the tradition of Muhammad and the consensus of the Ummah" or ahl as-sunnah (أهل السنة{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) for short. In English, its theological study or doctrine is called Sunnism, while adherents are known as Sunni Muslims, Sunnis, and Sunnites. Sunni Islam is the world's largest religious body, followed by Roman Catholicism.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>Connie R. Green, Sandra Brenneman Oldendorf, Religious Diversity and Children's Literature: Strategies and Resources, Information Age Publishing, 2011, p. 156.</ref> Sunni Islam is sometimes referred to as "orthodox Islam".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The word "Sunni" is believed to come from the term Sunnah (Arabic: سنة‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), which refers to the sayings and actions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad as recorded in the hadith.<ref name="merriam-webster">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The primary collections consisting of Kutub al-Sittah accepted by Sunni orthodoxy, in conjunction with the Quran and binding consensus, form the basis of all jurisprudence within Sunni Islam. Laws are derived from these basic sources; in addition, Sunni Islam's juristic schools recognize differing methods to derive legal verdicts such as analogical reason, consideration of public welfare and juristic discretion.

Sunni Islam sections
Intro   Lexicology    History    Adherents    Organizational structure    Six pillars of iman    Theological traditions    Sunni view of hadith    Notes    Further reading    External links   

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