::Substituted amphetamine


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Optical isomers of amphetamine
D-amphetamine.svg L-amphetamine.svg
D-amphetamine-3D-vdW.png L-amphetamine-3D-vdW.png
D-amphetamine L-amphetamine

Substituted amphetamines are a chemical class of compounds based upon the amphetamine structure; it includes all derivative compounds which are formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the amphetamine core structure with substituents.<ref name="Substituted amphetamines">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="pmid1855720">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> The compounds in this class span a variety of pharmacological subclasses, including stimulants, entactogens, hallucinogens, among others. Examples of substituted amphetamines are amphetamine (itself),<ref name="Substituted amphetamines" /> methamphetamine, ephedrine, cathinone, MDMA (ecstasy), and DOM (STP).

Some of amphetamine's substituted derivatives occur in nature, for example in the leaves of Ephedra and khat plants. These have been used since antiquity for their pharmacological effects. Amphetamine was first produced at the end of the 19th century. By the 1930s, amphetamine and some of its derivative compounds found use as decongestants in the symptomatic treatment of colds and also occasionally as psychoactive agents. Their effects on the central nervous system are diverse, but can be summarized by three overlapping types of activity: psychoanaleptic, hallucinogenic and empathogenic. Various substituted amphetamines may cause these actions either separately or in combination.

Substituted amphetamine sections
Intro  Partial list of substituted amphetamines  Structure  History  Legal status  See also  References  Bibliography  

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