Spurious according to Ethnologue and ISO 639-3::Spurious languages


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Spurious according to Ethnologue and ISO 639-3 Following is a list of ISO 639-3 language codes which have been retired since the standard was established in 2006, arranged by the year in which the change request was submitted; in most cases the actual retirement took effect in the beginning of the following year. Also included is a partial list of languages listed at one time in Ethnologue that were removed prior to 2006, arranged by the first edition in which they did not appear, and with their SIL codes.

The list includes codes that have been retired from ISO 639-3 or languages removed from Ethnologue because the language apparently does not exist and cannot be identified with an existing language. The list does not include instances where the "language" turns out to be a spelling variant of another language or the name of a village where an already known language is spoken; these are cases of duplicates, which are resolved in ISO 639-3 by a code merger. It does include "languages" for which there is no evidence or which cannot be found. (In some cases, however, the evidence for nonexistence is a survey among the current population of the area, which would not identify extinct languages such as Ware below.)

SIL codes are upper case; ISO codes are lower case. Once retired, ISO 639-3 codes are not reused.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Older SIL codes may have been re-used; not all SIL codes correspond directly to ISO codes.

Removed from Ethnologue, 12th ed., 1992

  • Itaem (PNG) [ITM]
  • Marajona (Brazil) [MPQ]
  • Nemeyam (PNG) [NMY]
  • Nereyama, Nereyó (Brazil) [NRY]
  • Numbiaí (Orelha de Pau) [NUH]
  • Oganibi (PNG) [OGA]
  • {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Tijuana Sign Language (Mexico) [TJS] - added to Ethnologue 1988 due to a misunderstanding, later removed. No evidence that it ever existed.
  • Tyeliri Senoufo [TYE] – the Tyeliri are a caste of leather workers, and do not have their own language
  • Wagumi [WGM]
  • Zanofil - name of an ethnic group that speaks Yongkom [yon]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Removed from Ethnologue, 13th ed., 1996

  • Bibasa (PNG) [BHE] – described as "isolate in need of survey" in the 12th ed.

Removed from Ethnologue, 14th ed., 2000

  • Alak 2 [ALQ] – a mislabeled fragment of a word list<ref>Sidwell, 2009, Classifying the Austroasiatic languages</ref>
  • Dzorgai [DZI], Kortse [KBG], Pingfang [PFG], Thochu [TCJ], Lofuchai (Lophuchai) [LFU], Wagsod [WGS] – old names for Qiangic languages, some of uncertain correspondence to currently recognized names
  • Hsifan [HSI] – an ethnic name for people speaking a variety of Qiangic or Jiarongic languages
  • {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Scandinavian Pidgin Sign Language [SPF] – normal inter-language contact, not an established pidgin
  • Wutana (Nigeria) [WUW] – an ethnic name

Removed from Ethnologue, 15th ed., 2005

  • Jiji [JIJ]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Kalanke [CKN]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Lewada-Dewara [LWD], incl. Balamula/Mataru<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Lowland Semang [ORB]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref> (though other languages without ISO codes, such as Wila', are also called Lowland Semang)

  • Mutús [MUF]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref> (suspected to exist, e.g. by Adelaar 2005)

  • Nchinchege [NCQ]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Nkwak [NKQ]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref> (same as Tanjijili?)

  • Oso (Southern Fungom) [OSO] – no evidence it is distinct from Fungom and Bum<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Rungi [RUR]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Wamsak [WBD]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Retired 2006

  • Miarrã [xmi] – unattested<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

  • Atuence [atf] – an old town name<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Amapá Creole [amd]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Retired 2007

  • Amikoana (Amikuân) [akn]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Ware [wre]<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref> – Ware is listed as extinct in Maho (2009). When an SIL team in Tanzania were not able to find any evidence of it being spoken, the code was retired.

  • Bahau River Kenyah [bwv], Kayan River Kenyah [knh], Mahakam Kenyah [xkm], Upper Baram Kenyah [ubm] – Any current use is likely either Mainstream Kenyah [xkl] or Uma' Lung [ulu]

Retired 2008

  • Aariya [aay]
  • Papavô [ppv]
  • Amerax [aex] (prison jargon)
  • Europanto [eur] (a jest)
  • Garreh-Ajuran [ggh] (Borana & Somali)

Retired 2010

  • Ayi (China) [ayx]
  • Dhanwar (India) [dha]
  • Mahei [mja]

Retired 2011

  • Palu [pbz]
  • Pongyong [pgy]
  • Elpaputih [elp] (could be either of two existing languages)

Retired 2012

Retired 2013

  • Gugu Mini [ggm] (a generic name)
  • Maskoy Pidgin [mhh] (never existed)
  • Emok [emo] (never existed)
  • Yugh [yuu] (duplicate of Yug [yug])
  • Lamam [lmm] (duplicate of Romam [rmx])

Retired 2014

  • Mator-Taygi-Karagas [ymt] (duplicate of Mator)
  • {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Yiddish Sign Language [yds] (does not exist)<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Retiring 2015

  • Bhatola [btl]
  • Cagua [cbh]
  • Chipiajes [cbe] (a Saliba and Guahibo surname)
  • Coxima [kox]
  • Kabixí [xbx] (generic name for Parecis, Nambiquaras, or any hostile group)
  • Runa [rna]

Spurious languages sections
Intro  [[Spurious_languages?section={{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Spurious_according_to_Glottolog|{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}Spurious according to Glottolog]]  Spurious according to Ethnologue and ISO 639-3  References and notes  External links  

Spurious according to Ethnologue and ISO 639-3
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