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Theodor von Holst, Bertalda, Assailed by Spirits, c. 1830

The English word spirit (from Latin spiritus "breath") has many different meanings and connotations, most of them relating to a presumably non-corporeal substance contrasted with the material body. It can also refer to a "subtle" as opposed to "gross" material substance, as in the famous last paragraph of Sir Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

The word spirit is often used metaphysically to refer to the consciousness or personality. The notions of a person's spirit and soul often also overlap, as both contrast with body and both are believed to survive the bodily death in religion and occultism,<ref>OED "spirit 2.a.: The soul of a person, as commended to God, or passing out of the body, in the moment of death."</ref> and "spirit" can also have the sense of "ghost", i.e. a manifestation of the spirit of a deceased person.

The term may also refer to any incorporeal or immaterial being, such as demons or deities.<ref name="polysemy"/> In the Bible, "the Spirit" (with a capital "S"), specifically denotes the Holy Spirit.


Spirit sections
Intro   Etymology   Uses: Spiritual, Metaphysical and Metaphorical  Related concepts in other languages   See also   References  Further reading   External links   

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