Title::first    Journal::editor    Pages::volume    Author::sperm    Issue::-first    -last::vaginal


Spermicide is a contraceptive substance that destroys sperm, inserted vaginally prior to intercourse to prevent pregnancy. As a contraceptive, spermicide may be used alone. However, the pregnancy rate experienced by couples using only spermicide is higher than that of couples using other methods. Usually, spermicides are combined with contraceptive barrier methods such as diaphragms, condoms, cervical caps, and sponges. Combined methods are believed to result in lower pregnancy rates than either method alone.<ref name="simultaneous">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

Spermicides are unscented, clear, unflavored, non-staining, and lubricative.

Spermicide sections
Intro  Types and effectiveness  Use with condoms  Side effects  History  See also  Footnotes  

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