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Special Prosecution Book-Poland

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Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen
Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen - letter "G". Shortcuts EK (Einsatzkommando) and EGr (Einsatzgruppen)

Special Prosecution Book-Poland (German: Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Polish: Specjalna księga Polaków ściganych listem gończym{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) was the proscription list prepared by the Germans immediately before the onset of war, that identified more than 61,000 members of Polish elites: activists, intelligentsia, scholars, actors, former officers, and prominent others, who were to be interned or shot on the spot upon their identification following the invasion.<ref name="Moor">Dr. Jan Moor-Jankowski, Holocaust of Non-Jewish Poles During World War II. Polish American Congress, Washington Metropolitan Area Division. Retrieved 29 September 2015.</ref>

History

Execution of Poles in Kórnik by SS-Einsatzgruppe, 20 October 1939. Image from German Federal Archive

Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen was prepared between 1937 and 1939 before the invasion of the Second Polish Republic,<ref>Stanisław Dąbrowa-Kostka, Hitlerowskie afisze śmierci (eng. "Nazi death posters"), KAW Warszawa 1983, p.339, (Polish),(German),(English)</ref> by the “Zentralstelle IIP Polen” (Central Unit IIP-Poland) unit of the Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo ("Secret State Police") with help from the German minority living in pre-war Poland.<ref>Digital version of Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen in Śląska Biblioteka Cyfrowa</ref> Central Unit IIP-Poland was created under Reinhard Heydrich to coordinate the ethnic cleansing of all Poles in “Operation Tannenberg" and Intelligenzaktion, the codenames for the extermination actions directed at the Polish people during World War II, part of the Generalplan Ost.

The list identified more than 61,000 members of Polish elite: activists, intelligentsia, scholars, actors, former officers, Polish nobility, Catholic priests, university professors, teachers, doctors, lawyers and even a prominent sportsman who had represented Poland in the Berlin Olympics in 1936. People in the Special Prosecution Book were killed outright by Einsatzgruppen and Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz or sent to concentration camps to die.

The second edition of Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen in German and Polish was published in 1940 in occupied Kraków<ref>Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen. Ergänzungsnachtrag über entwichene oder vorzeitig entlassene Straf... 1 June 1940, Krakow,</ref> after the end of AB-Aktion (in German Ausserordentliche Befriedungsaktion).<ref>Stanisław Dąbrowa-Kostka, Hitlerowskie afisze śmierci (eng. "Nazi death posters"), KAW Warszawa 1983, p.92, (Polish),(German),(English)</ref> It was the last edition under this name and later lists was published under the name of Fahndungsnachweis.

See also

References

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Bibliography

  • Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen. Ergänzungsnachtrag über entwichene oder vorzeitig entlassene Straf... 1. Juni 1940, Krakau,
  • Andrzej Leszek Szcześniak, Plan zagłady Słowian. Generalplan Ost, Polskie Wydawnictwo Encyklopedyczne, Radom, 2001
  • Fritz Arlt: Polen- Ukrainer-Judenpolitik im Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete 1939 bis 1940 in Oberschlesien 1941 bis 1943 und im Freiheitskampf der unterdrückten Ostvölker, Lindhorst, Wissenschaftlicher Buchdienst Taege, 1995
  • Wacław Długoborski: Zweiter Weltkrieg und sozialer Wandel, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1981, S. 309

External links

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