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Spanish ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, español{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), also called Castilian<ref>Note that in English, "Castilian" or "Castilian Spanish" may be understood as referring to European Spanish ("Spanish Spanish") to the exclusion of dialects in the New World or to Castilian Spanish to the exclusion of any other dialect, rather than as a synonym for the entire language.</ref> ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, About this sound castellano ), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers across the world.

Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of common Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. It was first documented in central-northern Iberia in the 9th century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile into central and southern Iberia.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> Beginning in the early 16th century, Spanish was taken to the colonies of the Spanish Empire, most notably to the Americas, as well as territories in Africa, Oceania and the Philippines.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

From its beginnings, Spanish vocabulary was influenced by its contact with Basque, as well as by neighboring Ibero-Romance languages, and later it absorbed many Arabic words during the Al-Andalus era in the Iberian Peninsula.<ref name="Dworkin83">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> It also adopted words from non-Iberian languages, particularly the Romance languages Occitan, French, Italian and Sardinian, as well as from Nahuatl and other Indigenous languages of the Americas.

Spanish is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, and it is used as an official language by the European Union, the Organization of American States, and the Union of South American Nations, among many other international organizations.


Spanish language sections
Intro   Estimated number of speakers    Names of the language    History    Grammar    Phonology    Geographical distribution    Dialectal variation    Relation to other languages    Writing system    Organizations    See also    References    Bibliography   [[Spanish_language?section=</a>_Further_reading_|</a> Further reading ]]   External links   

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