::South Korea


Korea::south    Korean::title    Seoul::style    North::world    Korea's::first    Country::republic

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Centered taegeuk on a white rectangle inclusive of four black trigrams Centered taegeuk on a hibiscus syriacus surrounded by five stylized petals and a ribbon
Flag Emblem
Motto: "홍익인간"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Korean) (de facto)
"Benefit All Mankind"<ref name="lie">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation


Anthem: Aegukga "애국가"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Korean) (de jure)
"Patriotic Song"
Projection of Asia with South Korea in green
and largest city

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Official languages Korean
Official scripts Hangul
Ethnic groups 96.5% Korean
1.8% Chinese
1.7% others<ref name=""></ref>
Demonym {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Government Unitary presidential
constitutional republic
 -  President Park Geun-hye
 -  Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn
Legislature National Assembly
 -  Established August 15, 1948 
 -  Current constitution October 29, 1987 
 -  Total 100,210 km2 (109th)
38,691 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.3 (301 km2 / 116 mi2)
 -  2014 estimate 50,617,045<ref name="Kostat2015">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="KOSIS2015">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (26th)
 -  Density 505.1/km2 (13th)
1,308.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $1.853 trillion<ref name=2K>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (13th)
 -  Per capita $36,601<ref name=2K/> (29th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $1.435 trillion<ref name=2K/> (11th)
 -  Per capita $28,338<ref name=2K/> (28th)
Gini (2011)31.1<ref></ref>
HDI (2013)Increase 0.891<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


very high · 15th
Currency South Korean won (₩)
Time zone Korea Standard Time (UTC+9)
Date format {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Drives on the right
Calling code +82
ISO 3166 code KR
Internet TLD {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}

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South Korea (About this sound listen), officially the Republic of Korea (, About this sound listen; lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.<ref name="CIA"> This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.</ref> The name Korea is derived from the ancient Kingdom of Goguryeo, also known as Koryŏ. It shares land borders with North Korea to the north, and oversea borders with Japan to the east and China to the west. Roughly half of the country's 51 million people reside in the Seoul Capital Area, the second largest in the world<ref name=forstall>R.L. Forstall, R.P. Greene, and J.B. Pick, Which are the largest? Why lists of major urban areas vary so greatly, Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie 100, 277 (2009), Table 4</ref> with over 25 million residents.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Inhabited half a million years ago,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=pressrelease |type=Press release }}</ref> the Korean civilization began with Gojoseon, with the earliest Korean pottery dating to 8000 BC.<ref name="Choe and Bale">Chong Pil Choe, Martin T. Bale, "Current Perspectives on Settlement, Subsistence, and Cultivation in Prehistoric Korea", (2002), Arctic Anthropology, 39: 1-2, pp. 95-121.</ref> Around 1st century BC, three Korean kingdoms emerged, the largest being Goguryeo that ruled Northeast China, parts of Russia's Primorsky Krai and Inner Mongolia under Gwanggaeto the Great. Since their unification into Silla and Balhae in the 7th century, Korea enjoyed over a millennium of relative tranquility under dynasties lasting for centuries with innovations such as Hangul, the Korean alphabet promulgated by Sejong the Great in 1446 that enabled anyone to easily learn to read and write.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Its strategic and central location in East Asia led to annexation by Imperial Japan in 1910, after whose surrender in 1945, Korea was divided into Soviet and U.S. occupation zones, with the latter becoming the Republic of Korea in 1948. An invasion from North Korea in 1950 lead to the Korean War that ended in 1953 with an armistice. Despite minor incidents with the North, peace has since continued with the two agreeing to reunify peacefully and the South dominating inter-Korean politics as a regional power with the world's 10th largest defence budget.

Between 1962 and 1994, South Korea's tiger economy soared at an average of 10% annually, fueled by annual export growth of 20%,<ref name="">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> in a period called the Miracle on the Han River that rapidly and successfully transformed it into a high-income advanced economy and the world's 11th largest economy by 1995, providing valuable development models that are benefiting developing countries today.<ref></ref> South Korea is presently the world's fifth largest exporter and seventh largest importer and a G-20 and OECD DAC member.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Since the first free election in 1987, South Koreans have enjoyed high civil liberties and one of the world's most developed democracies,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> with all fundamental rights protected by a highly effective rule of law system that is rated best in East Asia by World Justice Project. Its pop culture has considerable influence in Asia, and is expanding globally as a phenomenon often called the Korean Wave.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Due to a recent multicultural policy, immigration to South Korea is rising quickly, with over 220,000 accepted in 2014.<ref name=""/>

South Korea is East Asia's most developed country in the Human Development Index. Koreans are among the richest in the world, enjoying Asia's highest median income<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and average wage.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is a top global performer in education, quality of healthcare and ease of doing business. It leads OECD countries in student skills<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> with the highest percentage of young adults holding a tertiary education degree and Korean women receiving the world's third longest education. Driven by high-tech chaebols such as Samsung, Hyundai-Kia and LG, South Korea was named the world's most innovative country in the Bloomberg Innovation Index,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> ranking first in research and development spent per GDP and patents filed per GDP. It is notable for being the world's largest shipbuilder and having the world's fastest Internet speed, ranking first in e-Government,<ref></ref> 4G LTE coverage, IoT devices online and second in ICT Development Index and smartphone usage.

South Korea sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography, climate and environment  Government  Administrative divisions  Demographics  Foreign relations  Military  Economy  Science and technology  Culture  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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