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Solid torus

In mathematics, a solid torus is the topological space formed by sweeping a disk around a circle.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}.</ref> It is homeomorphic to the Cartesian product <math>S^1 \times D^2</math> of the disk and the circle,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}.</reF> endowed with the product topology. A standard way to visualize a solid torus is as a toroid, embedded in 3-space. However, it should be distinguished from a torus, which has the same visual appearance: the torus is the two-dimensional space on the boundary of a toroid, while the solid torus includes also the interior space surrounded by the torus.


Solid torus sections
Intro  Topological properties  See also  References  

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