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In sociology, social capital is the expected collective or economic benefits derived from the preferential treatment and cooperation between individuals and groups. Although different social sciences emphasize different aspects of social capital, they tend to share the core idea "that social networks have value". Just as a screwdriver (physical capital) or a university education (cultural capital or human capital) can increase productivity (both individual and collective), so do social contacts affect the productivity of individuals and groups.<ref name="Putnam 2000">Putnam, Robert. (2000), "Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community" (Simon and Schuster).</ref>


Social capital sections
Intro  Background  Evaluating social capital  Definitions, forms, and measurement  Roots  Integrating history and socio-economic analysis  Relation with civil society  Social capital and women's engagement with politics  Effects on health  Effects of the Internet  Effects on educational achievement  In geography  Negative social capital  See also  Citations  References  External links  

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