::Sierra Leone Creole people


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The Sierra Leone Creole people (or Krio people) are an ethnic group in Sierra Leone. They are the descendants of freed African American, West Indian and Liberated African slaves who settled in the Western Area of Sierra Leone between 1787 and about 1885. The colony was established by the British, supported by abolitionists, under the Sierra Leone Company as a place for freedmen. The settlers called their new settlement Freetown.<ref name=Walker>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}, originally published by Longman & Dalhousie University Press (1976).</ref> Today, the Krio comprise about 4% of the population of Sierra Leone.<ref name=Wolf>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} citing {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Like their Americo-Liberian neighbors in Liberia, Krio have varying degrees of European ancestry because some of the settlers were descended from European Americans and other Europeans. Alongside the Americo-Liberians, the Creoles are the only recognised ethnic group of African-American, Liberated African, and West Indian descent in West Africa. As with their Americo-Liberian neighbors, Creole culture is primarily westernized. The Krios developed close relationships with the British colonial power; they became educated in British institutions and held prominent leadership positions in Sierra Leone under British colonialism.

The vast majority of Creoles reside in Freetown and its surrounding Western Area region of Sierra Leone.<ref name=SIL2/> The only Sierra Leonean ethnic group whose culture is similar (in terms of its integration of Western culture) are the Sherbro. From their mix of peoples, the Creole developed what is now the native Krio language (a mixture of English and indigenous West African languages). It has been widely used for trade and communication among ethnic groups and is the most widely spoken language in Sierra Leone.<ref>"Sierra Leone languages", Joshua Project</ref>

The Creoles are primarily christian, although some scholars consider the Oku community of Sierra Leone as 'Creoles'. The Oku or Oku Mohammedans are known as Oku<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and are the descendants of intermarriage between the freed slaves and Muslim Africans, who were mostly Yoruba from Southwest Nigeria who settled in Freetown in the mid-19th century.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Because the Creoles are a mixture of various ethnicities and the Oku are mainly of Yoruba descent, some scholars do not classify the Oku as Creoles.

Due to their history, the vast majority of Creoles have European first names and surnames. Many have both English first names and last names. Most of the Oku Muslims have Islamic first names, though some of them have English surnames.

Sierra Leone Creole people sections
Intro  History  Religion  Language  Culture  Architecture  Diaspora  Related communities  Notable Sierra Leone Krio people  References  External links  

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