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{{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} The Shafi'i (Arabic: شافعي‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Šāfiʿī ) madhhab is one of the four schools of Islamic law in Sunni Islam.<ref name=asaeed/> It was founded by the Arab scholar Al-Shafi'i in the early 9th century.<ref name=hmr/> The other three schools of Sunni jurisprudence are Hanafi, Maliki and Hanbali.<ref name=asaeed/>

The Shafi school predominantly relies on the Quran and the Hadiths for Sharia.<ref name=hmr/><ref name=philtar/> Where passages of Quran and Hadiths are ambiguous, the school first seeks religious law guidance from Ijma – the consensus of Sahabah (Muhammad's companions).<ref>Syafiq Hasyim (2005), Understanding Women in Islam: An Indonesian Perspective, Equinox, ISBN 978-9793780191, pp. 75-77</ref> If there was no consensus, Shafi'i school relies on individual opinion (Ijtihad) of the companions of Muhammad, followed by analogy.<ref name=hmr>Hisham M. Ramadan (2006), Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary, Rowman Altamira, ISBN 978-0759109919, pp. 27-28</ref>

The Shafi'i school was, in the early history of Islam, the most followed ideology for Sharia. However, with Ottoman Empire's expansion and patronage, it was replaced with the Hanafi school in many parts of the Muslim world.<ref name=philtar>Shafi'iyyah Bulend Shanay, Lancaster University</ref> One of the many differences between the Shafi'i and Hanafi schools is that the Shafi'i school does not consider Istihsan (personal preference of Islamic legal scholars) as an acceptable source of religious law because it amounts to "human legislation" of Islamic law.<ref name=wbh>Wael B. Hallaq (2009), Sharī'a: Theory, Practice, Transformations, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0521861472, pp. 58-71</ref>

The Shafi'i school is now predominantly found in Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti,eastern Egypt, the Swahili Coast, Yemen, Kurdish regions of the Middle East, Palestine, Lebanon, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, some coastal parts of Sri Lanka, India, Singapore, Myanmar, Thailand, Brunei, and the Philippines.<ref name=unc1>Jurisprudence and Law - Islam Reorienting the Veil, University of North Carolina (2009)</ref>


Shafi'i sections
Intro  Principles  Shafi'i school  Views  Notable Shafi'i's  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

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