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A set of polygons in a Venn diagram

In mathematics, a set is a collection of distinct objects, considered as an object in its own right. For example, the numbers 2, 4, and 6 are distinct objects when considered separately, but when they are considered collectively they form a single set of size three, written {2,4,6}. Sets are one of the most fundamental concepts in mathematics. Developed at the end of the 19th century, set theory is now a ubiquitous part of mathematics, and can be used as a foundation from which nearly all of mathematics can be derived. In mathematics education, elementary topics such as Venn diagrams are taught at a young age, while more advanced concepts are taught as part of a university degree. The German word Menge, rendered as "set" in English, was coined by Bernard Bolzano in his work The Paradoxes of the Infinite.


Set (mathematics) sections
Intro  Definition  Describing sets  Membership  Cardinality  Special sets  Basic operations  Applications  Axiomatic set theory  Principle of inclusion and exclusion  De Morgan's Law  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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