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="3" class="fn org summary" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.2em; font-size:115%; font-weight:bold;" شەرقىي تۈركىستان جۇمھۇرىيىتى{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}
東突厥斯坦共和國 ="3" style="vertical-align:middle; text-align:center; font-size:115%;"Satellite state of the Soviet Union<ref>David D. Wang. Under the Soviet Shadow: The Yining Incident; Ethnic Conflicts and International Rivalry in Xinjiang, 1944–1949. pg. 406</ref><ref name="oxuscom.com">http://www.oxuscom.com/sovinxj.htm</ref><ref>David Wang. The Xinjiang question of the 1940s: the story behind the Sino-Soviet treaty of August 1945</ref><ref>Into Tibet: Thomas Laird. The CIA's First Atomic Spy and His Secret Expedition to Lhasa pg. 25</ref> ="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
Located in three contiguous prefectures in Xinjiang, or Northwest China. Contiguous, but with three Chinese enclaves.
The Ili, Tarbagatay, and Altay districts (red) in which the East Turkestan Republic was located.


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="2" LanguagesUyghur
Kazakh
Russian ="2" ReligionSecular ="2" President ||style="vertical-align:bottom;" Ali Khan Türe (1944–1946)
Ehmetjan Qasim (1946–1949)
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East Turkestan Republic

1944–1949

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Flag

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Government Single-party socialist republic<ref name="oxuscom.com"/><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation CitationClass=book

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History
 •  Established November 12, 1944
 •  Disestablished October 20, 1949

The Second East Turkestan Republic, commonly referred to simply as the East Turkestan Republic (ETR), was a short-lived Soviet-backed Turkic socialist people's republic. The ETR existed in the 1940s (November 12, 1944 – October 20, 1949) in present-day Xinjiang. It began as a revolution in three northern districts (Ili, Tarbaghatai, Altai) of Xinjiang province of the Republic of China, resulting in the Ili Rebellion. The rest of Xinjiang was under Kuomintang control. This region is now the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China (PRC).


Second East Turkestan Republic sections
Intro  Background  Rebellion  Negotiations and coalition government in \u00dcr\u00fcmchi   Anti ETR Uyghurs    Kazakh Defection   Pei-ta-shan Incident  Absorption by the People's Republic of China   National army    Press    Related events and people   See also  References   Sources   

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