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A romantic depiction of the Clan Forbes clan chief illustrated by R. R. McIan, from James Logan's The Clans of the Scottish Highlands, 1845.

The Scottish Gaelic word clann means children.<ref>Mark (2003), p. 458.</ref> In early times, and possibly even today, clan members believed themselves to descend from a common ancestor, the founder of the Scottish clan. From its perceived founder a clan takes its name. The clan chief is the representative of this founder and represents the clan as well. In the Scottish clan system, the term chief denotes a greater chief than that of a chieftain. In consequence, branch chiefs (heads of branches of a clan) are designated chieftains.<ref name="AdamInnes-p154-155">Adam; Innes of Learney (1970), p. 154–155.</ref> Scottish clans who no longer have a clan chief are referred to as armigerous clans.


Scottish clan chief sections
Intro  Functions of the clan chief  Recognition of chiefs in Scots law  Clan chief prerogatives  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  

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