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Scottish Gaelic, sometimes also referred to as Gaelic (Gàidhlig{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ), is a Celtic language native to Scotland. A member of the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages, Scottish Gaelic, like Modern Irish and Manx, developed out of Middle Irish, and thus is ultimately descended from Old Irish.

The 2011 census of Scotland showed that a total of 57,375 people (1.1% of the Scottish population aged over three years old) in Scotland could speak Gaelic at that time, with the Outer Hebrides being the main stronghold of the language. The census results indicate a decline of 1,275 Gaelic speakers from 2001. A total of 87,056 people in 2011 reported having some facility with Gaelic compared to 93,282 people in 2001, a decline of 6,226.<ref name="2011 Census of Scotland"/><ref>Scotland's Census Results Online (SCROL), Table UV12. Viewed 30 May 2014.</ref> Despite this decline, revival efforts exist and the number of speakers of the language under age 20 has increased.<ref>Scottish Government, "A’ fàs le Gàidhlig", 26 September 2013. Viewed 30 May 2014.</ref>

Scottish Gaelic is not an official language of the European Union or the United Kingdom. However, it is classed as an Indigenous language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, which the British government has ratified,<ref>List of declarations made with respect to treaty No. 148 from the Council of Europe.</ref> and the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005 established a language development body, Bòrd na Gàidhlig, "with a view to securing the status of the Gaelic language as an official language of Scotland.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Outside Scotland, a dialect known as Canadian Gaelic is spoken in parts of Eastern Canada. In 2011, there were approximately 1,500 Gaelic-speakers in Canada with the vast majority in the province of Nova Scotia.<ref name="www12.statcan.gc.ca">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> About 350 Canadians in 2011 claimed Gaelic as their "mother tongue".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Scottish Gaelic sections
Intro  Nomenclature  History  Status  Writing system  Pronunciation  Grammar  Official recognition  Church  Sport  Personal names  Surnames  Loanwords  Common words and phrases with Irish and Manx equivalents  Qualifications in the language  See also  References  Resources  External links  

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