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Scania, also known by its local name Skåne (pronounced [ˈskoːˈnɛ] in Swedish and [ˈskɛu̯ˈnɛ] in Scanian), is the southernmost province (landskap) of Sweden which consists of a peninsula on the southern tip of the Scandinavian Peninsula and some islands close to it. Scania is roughly equivalent to the modern Skåne County (Skåne län). The responsibility for overseeing implementation of state policy in the county is administered by the County Administrative Board.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Within Scania there are 33 municipalities that are independent and separate from the Scania Regional Council which has its seat in Kristianstad. The largest city is Malmö, which is also the third largest city in Sweden.

To the north, Scania borders the provinces of Halland and Småland, to the northeast Blekinge, to the east and south the Baltic Sea and Bornholm island, and to the west Øresund. Since 2000 a road and railway bridge, the Øresund Bridge<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> bridges the sound to the Danish island of Zealand. The HH Ferry route across the northern part of Øresund also remains as an important link between the Scandinavian Peninsula and Zealand. Scania is part of the transnational Øresund Region.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Scania was part of the kingdom of Denmark up until the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658.<ref>Graham, Brian and Peter Howard, eds. (2008). The Ashgate Research Companion to Heritage and Identity. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-4922-9, p. 79</ref> The transition to Sweden was later confirmed by the 1660 Treaty of Copenhagen, the 1679 Peace of Lund and the 1700 Peace of Travendal. The last serious Danish attempt to invade the province failed in 1710, after the Battle of Helsingborg.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The period 1658–1720 saw widespread violence by the Swedish militaries against the local population. The same was also true about the Danish military, though to a far lesser extent. The region did not form part of Sweden proper until 1720, but had the status of conquered "foreign land" until that year. It was then divided in two counties and has since then been regarded as fully integrated in Sweden. Until the early 19th century, a policy of forced assimilation was employed by the Swedish government in what until then had been a linguistically Danish region. Controversy relating to whether the Scanian dialects should be classified as a regional language or as Danish or Swedish dialects remains to this day.<ref>Scanian « Sorosoro. Sorosoro.org. Retrieved on 2015-06-24.</ref>

From north to south Scania is around {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} and covers less than 3% of Sweden's total area, but the population of approximately 1,260,000<ref name="population"/> represents 13% of the country's entire population. About 16% of Scania's population is foreign-born.<ref>Skåne i siffror. Den skånska resan mot framtiden. Länsstyrelsen i Skåne län, 14 February 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2008.</ref> With 120 inh/km2 Scania is the second most densely populated province of Sweden, next only to Södermanland. The western part, along the coast of the Øresund, is by far the most populated part.


Scania sections
Intro  Name  Administration  Heraldry  History  Regional politics  Communications  Geography and environmental factors  Population  Climate  Culture  Dukes  Sports  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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