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Sanskrit ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Sanskrit: saṃskṛtam [səmskr̩t̪əm] or saṃskṛta, originally saṃskṛtā vāk, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India. It is a standardised dialect of Old Indo-Aryan, originating as Vedic Sanskrit and tracing its linguistic ancestry back to Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European.<ref>Burrow, T. (2001). The Sanskrit Language. Faber: Chicago p. v & ch. 1</ref> Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Sanskrit holds a prominent position in Indo-European studies.<ref name="Benware 1974">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

The corpus of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of poetry and drama as well as scientific, technical, philosophical and religious texts.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Sanskrit continues to be widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice in the form of hymns and chants. Spoken Sanskrit has been revived in some villages with traditional institutions, and there are attempts to enhance its popularisation.


Sanskrit sections
Intro   Name    Variants    Contemporary usage    Historical usage    Public education and popularisation    Phonology    Writing system    Grammar    Influence on other languages    See also    References    Further reading    External links   

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