::San Francisco

::concepts



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San Francisco ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California and the only consolidated city-county in California.<ref name="CityCounty" /> San Francisco encompasses a land area of about {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> on the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, which makes it the smallest county in the state. It has a density of about 18,187 people per square mile (7,022 people per km2), making it the most densely settled large city (population greater than 200,000) in the state of California and the second-most densely populated major city in the United States after New York City.<ref name="SF_Population_Density" /> San Francisco is the fourth-most populous city in California, after Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose, and the 13th-most populous city in the United States—with a Census-estimated 2014 population of 852,469.<ref name="2014CensusEst" /> The city and its surrounding areas are known as the San Francisco Bay Area, which is a part of the larger OMB designated San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland combined statistical area, the fifth most populous in the nation with an estimated population of 8.6 million.

San Francisco (Spanish for Saint Francis) was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís named for St. Francis of Assisi a few miles away.<ref name="DeAnza-Moraga-Palou">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856.<ref name="Coy 1919 409">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire,<ref name="Montagne"/> San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was the port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater.<ref name="WWII"/> After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, massive immigration, liberalizing attitudes, along with the rise of the "hippie" counterculture, the Sexual Revolution, the Peace Movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, and other factors led to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines.

San Francisco is a popular tourist destination,<ref>Top U.S. Destinations for International Visitors. The Hotel Price Index. Retrieved on April 12, 2014.</ref> known for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, and its Chinatown district. San Francisco is also the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co., Gap Inc., Salesforce.com, Dropbox, Reddit, Square, Inc., Airbnb, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Yelp, Pinterest, Twitter, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, and Craigslist. It has several nicknames, including "The City by the Bay", "Fog City", "San Fran", and "Frisco", as well as older ones like "The City that Knows How," "Baghdad by the Bay," and "The Paris of the West."


San Francisco sections
Intro  History  Geography  Demographics  Economy  Culture and contemporary life  Sports  Beaches and parks  Law and government  Education  Media  Transportation  Notable people  Consulates and sister cities  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  Further reading  External links  

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San Francisco ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California and the only consolidated city-county in California.<ref name="CityCounty" /> San Francisco encompasses a land area of about {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> on the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, which makes it the smallest county in the state. It has a density of about 18,187 people per square mile (7,022 people per km2), making it the most densely settled large city (population greater than 200,000) in the state of California and the second-most densely populated major city in the United States after New York City.<ref name="SF_Population_Density" /> San Francisco is the fourth-most populous city in California, after Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose, and the 13th-most populous city in the United States—with a Census-estimated 2014 population of 852,469.<ref name="2014CensusEst" /> The city and its surrounding areas are known as the San Francisco Bay Area, which is a part of the larger OMB designated San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland combined statistical area, the fifth most populous in the nation with an estimated population of 8.6 million.

San Francisco (Spanish for Saint Francis) was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís named for St. Francis of Assisi a few miles away.<ref name="DeAnza-Moraga-Palou">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856.<ref name="Coy 1919 409">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire,<ref name="Montagne"/> San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was the port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater.<ref name="WWII"/> After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, massive immigration, liberalizing attitudes, along with the rise of the "hippie" counterculture, the Sexual Revolution, the Peace Movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, and other factors led to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines.

San Francisco is a popular tourist destination,<ref>Top U.S. Destinations for International Visitors. The Hotel Price Index. Retrieved on April 12, 2014.</ref> known for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, and its Chinatown district. San Francisco is also the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co., Gap Inc., Salesforce.com, Dropbox, Reddit, Square, Inc., Airbnb, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Yelp, Pinterest, Twitter, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, and Craigslist. It has several nicknames, including "The City by the Bay", "Fog City", "San Fran", and "Frisco", as well as older ones like "The City that Knows How," "Baghdad by the Bay," and "The Paris of the West."


San Francisco sections
Intro  History  Geography  Demographics  Economy  Culture and contemporary life  Sports  Beaches and parks  Law and government  Education  Media  Transportation  Notable people  Consulates and sister cities  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  Further reading  External links  

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