Sadness::journal    Title::author    Pages::issue    Volume::''the    Emotion::psychol    Journals::content

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A detail of the 1672 sculpture Entombment of Christ, showing Mary Magdalene crying.


Sadness (also called heavy-heartedness) is emotional pain associated with, or characterized by feelings of age, loss, despair, helplessness, disappointment and sorrow. An individual experiencing sadness may become quiet or lethargic, and withdraw themselves from others. Crying is often an indication of sadness.<ref>Jellesma F.C., & Vingerhoets A.J.J.M. (2012). Sex Roles (Vol. 67, Iss. 7, pp. 412-421). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer</ref>

Sadness is one of the "six basic emotions" described by Paul Ekman, along with happiness, anger, surprise, fear and disgust.<ref>Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (London 1996) p. 271</ref>

Sadness sections
Intro  In childhood  Neuroanatomy  Coping mechanisms  Pupil empathy  Cultural explorations  See also  References  Further reading  

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