Types::SNARE (protein)

::concepts

Journal::snare    Membrane::fusion    Title::volume    Pages::proteins    Complex::snap-    Issue::vauthors

Types SNAREs can be divided into two categories: vesicle or v-SNAREs, which are incorporated into the membranes of transport vesicles during budding, and target or t-SNAREs, which are located in the membranes of target compartments. Evidence suggests that t-SNAREs form stable subcomplexes which serve as guides for v-SNARE binding to complete the formation of the SNARE complex.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Several SNARE proteins are located on both vesicles and target membranes, therefore, a more recent classification scheme takes into account structural features of SNAREs, dividing them into R-SNAREs and Q-SNAREs. Often, R-SNAREs act as v-SNAREs and Q-SNAREs act as t-SNAREs. R-SNAREs are proteins that contribute an arginine (R) residue in the formation of the zero ionic layer in the assembled core SNARE complex. One particular R-SNARE is synaptobrevin, which is located in the synaptic vesicles. Q-SNAREs are proteins that contribute a glutamine (Q) residue in the formation of the zero ionic layer in the assembled core SNARE complex. Q-SNAREs include syntaxin and SNAP-25. Q-SNAREs are further classified as Qa, Qb, or Qc depending on their location in the four-helix bundle.


SNARE (protein) sections
Intro   Types    Structure    Membrane fusion    Components    Mechanism of membrane fusion   Regulatory Effects on Exocytosis   Toxins    Role in neurotransmitter release    Role in autophagy   References  External links  

Types
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