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="3" class="fn org summary" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.2em; font-size:115%; font-weight:bold;"
Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика


="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Anthem
The Internationale(1918–1944)
National Anthem of the Soviet Union(1944–1990)
Patrioticheskaya Pesnya(1990–1993)a ="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
Extent of the Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union
(red and white) following World War II (1956).


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="2" Languages Russianb


="2" Head of state || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1917 (first)Lev Kamenevc - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1990–1991 (last) Boris Yeltsind - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" ="2" Head of government - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1917–1924 (first)Vladimir Lenine - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1990–1991 - ="2" LegislatureVTsIK / All-Russian Congress (1917–38)
Supreme Soviet (RSFSR) (1938–90)
Supreme Soviet (RSFSR) / Congress
of People's Deputies
(1990–91)
="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Established ="vertical-align: bottom;"November 9, 1917 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Admitted to USSR ="vertical-align: bottom;"December 30, 1922 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"New Constitution ="vertical-align: bottom;"December 12, 1993 - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" ="2" Today part of ="width:1.0em; padding:0.4em 0 0 0.6em;" a. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Remained the national anthem of Russia until 2000. ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" b. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Official language in the courts from 1937.<ref>article 114 of the 1937 Constitution, article 171 of the 1978 Constitution</ref> ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" c. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" As Chairman of the VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee). ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" d. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" As Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, from May 29, 1990 to July 10, 1991, then as President of Russia. ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" e. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" As Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" f. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" As Chairmen of the Council of Ministers – Government of the Russian SFSR ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" g. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Served as acting head of government while President of Russia ="3" Hero of the USSR Seven Hero City awards ="3" The Russian Democratic Federative Republic existed briefly on January 19, 1918, but actual sovereignty was still in the hands of the Soviets even after the Russian Constituent Assembly opened its first and last session.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

1917–1991

- class="mergedtoprow" ="3" class="maptable" { style="width:100%; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; background:none;" - ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" [[File:Flag of Russian SFSR.svg|125px|alt=|Flag]] ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" - style="font-size:95%;" style="border:0; text-align:center;" Flag (1954–1991) style="border:0; text-align:center;" State Emblem (1978–1992) }

Government Federal Soviet republic
Ivan Silayevf

- class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1991 (last)

Boris Yeltsing

- class="mergedbottomrow"

- class="mergedbottomrow"

- class="mergedbottomrow"

Historical era 20th century
 •  October Revolution November 7, 1917
 •  Russian Federation December 25, 1991
CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Russian: Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, tr. Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika About this sound listen ) commonly referred to as Soviet Russia or simply as Russia,<ref name="DEKL">Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people (original VTsIK variant, III Congress revision), article I</ref> was a sovereign state in 1917–22, the largest, most populous, and most economically developed republic of the Soviet Union in 1922–91 and a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with own legislation in 1990–91.<ref name="TFD">The Free Dictionary Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic. Encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved on 22 June 2011.</ref> The Republic comprised sixteen autonomous republics, five autonomous oblasts, ten autonomous okrugs, six krais, and forty oblasts.<ref name="TFD" /> Russians formed the largest ethnic group.

The RSFSR was established on November 7, 1917 (October Revolution) as a sovereign state. The first Constitution was adopted in 1918. In 1922 Russian SFSR signed the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR.

The economy of Russia became heavily industrialized, accounting for about two-thirds of the electricity produced in the USSR. It was, by 1961, the third largest producer of petroleum due to new discoveries in the Volga-Urals region<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and Siberia, trailing only the United States and Saudi Arabia.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> In 1974, there were 475 institutes of higher education in the republic providing education in 47 languages to some 23,941,000 students. A network of territorially-organized public-health services provided health care.<ref name="TFD" /> After 1985, the restructuring policies of the Gorbachev administration relatively liberalised the economy, which had become stagnant since the late 1970s, with the introduction of non-state owned enterprises such as cooperatives. The effects of market policies led to the failure of many enterprises and total instability by 1990.

On June 12, 1990, the Congress of People's Deputies adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty. On June 12, 1991, Boris Yeltsin was elected the first President. On December 8, 1991, heads of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus signed the Belavezha Accords. The agreement declared dissolution of the USSR by its founder states (i.e. denunciation of 1922 Treaty on the Creation of the USSR) and established the CIS. On December 12, the agreement was ratified by the Russian Parliament, therefore Russian SFSR denounced the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and de facto declared Russia's independence from the USSR.

On December 25, 1991, the Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation.<ref name="RF" /> On December 26, 1991, the USSR was self-dissolved by the Soviet of Nationalities, which by that time was the only functioning house of the Supreme Soviet (the other house, Soviet of the Union, had already lost the quorum after recall of its members by the union republics). After dissolution of the USSR, Russia declared that it assumed the rights and obligations of the dissolved central Soviet government, including UN membership.

The new Russian constitution, adopted on December 12, 1993 after a constitutional crisis, abolished the Soviet system of government in its entirety.


Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic sections
Intro  Nomenclature  Geography  History  Government  Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics (ASSRs) within the Russian SFSR  References  External links  

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