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The Scenic Railway at Luna Park, Melbourne, is the world's oldest continually-operating roller coaster, built in 1912.

A roller coaster is an amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. LaMarcus Adna Thompson obtained a patent regarding roller coasters on January 20, 1885, which were made out of wood, but this patent is considerably later than the "Russian mountains" described below. In essence a specialized railroad system, a roller coaster consists of a track that rises in designed patterns, sometimes with one or more inversions (such as vertical loops) that briefly turn the rider upside down. The track does not necessarily have to be a complete circuit, as shuttle roller coasters demonstrate. Most roller coasters have multiple cars in which passengers sit and are restrained.<ref>Roller Coaster Glossary | Roller Coasters</ref> Two or more cars hooked together are called a train. Some roller coasters, notably wild mouse roller coasters, run with single cars.


Roller coaster sections
Intro  History  Etymology  Mechanics  Safety  Types of roller coasters  Major roller coaster manufacturers  Gallery  See also  References  External links  

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