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::Robert I, Duke of Normandy

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Robert the Magnificent (French: le Magnifique{{#invoke:Category handler|main}})<ref group=lower-alpha>He was also, although erroneously, said to have been called 'Robert the Devil' (French: le Diable{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}). Robert I was never known by the nickname 'the devil' in his lifetime. 'Robert the Devil' was a fictional character who was confused with Robert I, Duke of Normandy sometime near the end of the Middle Ages. See: François Neveux, A Brief History of the Normans, trans. Howard Curtis (Constable & Robinson, Ltd. London, 2008), p. 97 & n. 5.</ref> (22 June 1000 – 1–3 July 1035), was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the father of William the Conqueror who became in 1066 King of England and founded the House of Normandy.


Robert I, Duke of Normandy sections
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