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::Rifampicin

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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:TemplatePar |check |template=Template:Infobox_drug |all= |opt= pronounce= ATC_prefix= ATC_suffix= ATC_supplemental= ATCvet= CAS_number_Ref= CAS_number= CAS_supplemental= ChEBI= ChEBI_Ref= ChEMBL_Ref= ChEMBL= ChemSpiderID= ChemSpiderID_Ref= ChemSpiderID= DailyMedID= data_page= DrugBank_Ref= DrugBank= Drugs.com= duration_of_action= IUPAC_name= IUPHAR_ligand= KEGG_Ref= KEGG= MedlinePlus= NIAID_ChemDB= PDB_ligand= PubChemSubstance= PubChem= StdInChIKey_Ref= StdInChIKey_comment= StdInChIKey= StdInChI_Ref= StdInChI_comment= StdInChI= UNII_Ref= UNII= Verifiedfields= Watchedfields= addiction_liability= alt2= altL= altR= alt= bioavailability= boiling_high= boiling_notes= boiling_point= captionLR= caption= charge= chemical_formula= chemical_formula_ref= chemical_formula_comment= class1= class2= class3= class4= component1= component2= component3= component4= density= dependency_liability= drug_name= elimination_half-life= excretion= InChI= InChIKey= image2= imageL= imageR= imagename= image= legal_AU= legal_CA= legal_DE= legal_EU= legal_NZ= legal_UK= legal_UN= legal_US= legal_AU_comment= legal_CA_comment= legal_DE_comment= legal_UK_comment= legal_NZ_comment= legal_US_comment= legal_UN_comment= legal_EU_comment= legal_status= licence_EU= licence_US= mab_type= melting_high= melting_notes= melting_point= metabolism= metabolites= molecular_weight= molecular_weight_round= molecular_weight_unit= molecular_weight_ref= molecular_weight_comment= onset= pregnancy_AU= pregnancy_US= pregnancy_AU_comment= pregnancy_US_comment= pregnancy_category= protein_bound= routes_of_administration= sec_combustion= SMILES= smiles= solubility= source= specific_rotation= synonyms= target= tradename= type= vaccine_type= verifiedrevid= width2= widthL= widthR= width= Ac=Ag=Al=Am=Ar=As=At=Au=B=Ba=Be=Bh=Bi=Bk=Br=C=Ca=Cd=Ce=Cf=Cl=Cm=Cn=Co=Cr=Cs=Cu= Db=Ds=Dy=Er=Es=Eu=F=Fe=Fl=Fm=Fr=Ga=Gd=Ge=H=He=Hf=Hg=Ho=Hs=I=In=Ir=K=Kr=La=Li=Lr=Lu=Lv= Md=Mg=Mn=Mo=Mt=N=Na=Nb=Nd=Ne=Ni=No=Np=O=Os=P=Pa=Pb=Pd=Pm=Po=Pr=Pt=Pu=Ra=Rb=Re=Rf=Rg=Rh=Rn=Ru= S=Sb=Sc=Se=Sg=Si=Sm=Sn=Sr=Ta=Tb=Tc=Te=Th=Ti=Tl=Tm=U=Uuo=Uup=Uus=Uut=V=W=Xe=Y=Yb=Zn=Zr |cat=Chemical articles with unknown parameter in Infobox drug |format=0|preview=1|errNS=0 }} Rifampicin (INN, BAN), also known as rifampin (USAN), is a antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.<ref name=AHFS2015>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> This includes tuberculosis, leprosy, and legionella, among others. Often it is used along with other antibiotics. It is also used to prevent Haemophilus influenzae type b and meningococcal disease in those who have been exposed. Before treating someone for a long period of time testing the liver function and bloods counts are recommended. It is available by mouth and intravenously.<ref name=AHFS2015/>

Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. It may also turn urine, sweat, and tears a red color. Liver problems or allergic reactions may occur. It is part of the recommended treatment of active tuberculosis during pregnancy even though safety is not clear in pregnancy. Rifampicin is of the rifamycin group of antibiotics. It works by stopping the making of RNA by the bacteria.<ref name=AHFS2015/>

Rifampicin was first isolated in 1957 and first sold in 1971.<ref name=Ox2009>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name=Mc2011/> It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is available as a generic medication.<ref name=AHFS2015/> The wholesale the cost is about 3.90 USD a month.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In the United States it is expensive with a month of treatment being about 120 USD.<ref name=AHFS2015/><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Rifampicin is made from Amycolatopsis rifamycinica.<ref name=Mc2011>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>


Rifampicin sections
Intro  Medical uses  Adverse effects  Interactions   Mechanism of action   Pharmacokinetics  Use in biotechnology  History  Names  References  External links  

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