::Regular Army (United States)


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Please see Regular Army (disambiguation) for countries other than the United States that use this term

The Regular Army of the United States was and is the successor to the Continental Army as the country's permanent, professional military establishment.<ref>Johnson, Mark W., That Body of Brave Men: The U.S. Regular Infantry and the Civil War in the West, p. ix. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2003.</ref> Even in modern times the professional core of the United States Army continues to be called the Regular Army. From the time of the American Revolution until after the Spanish–American War, the small Regular Army of the United States was supported by State militias and volunteer regiments organized by States but thereafter controlled by federal authorities and generals in time of war. These volunteer regiments came to be called United States Volunteers (USV) in contrast to the Regular United States Army (USA). During the American Civil War, about 97 percent of the Union Army was United States Volunteers. In contemporary use, the term Regular Army refers to the full-time active component of the United States Army, as distinguished from the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard.

The American military system which developed from the combination of the professional, national Continental Army, the State militias and volunteer regiments of the American Revolutionary War, and the similar post-Revolutionary War American military organization under the Militia Act of 1792, provided a basis for the United States Army's organizations, with only minor changes, until the creation of the modern National Guard in 1903.<ref>Wright, Jr., Robert K. and Morris J. MacGregor, Jr. Soldier-Statesmen of the Constitution, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, D.C., 1987, First Printing-CMH Pub 71-25. Retrieved September 28, 2010.</ref> The Militia Act provided for the use of volunteers who could be used anywhere in time of war in addition to the State militias who were restricted to local use within their States for short periods of time. Even today's professional United States Army, which is augmented by the Army Reserve and Army National Guard has a similar system of organization with a permanent, professional core and additional units which can be called upon in time of war or emergency.

Regular Army (United States) sections
Intro  Continental Army  Legion of the United States  War of 1812  Seminole Wars  Mexican\u2013American War  American Civil War  World War I  Interwar years  World War II  Post-war years  See also  References  Bibliography  External links  

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