Refrain::music    Chorus::which    Verse::refrains    Section::popular    Dynamics::often    Ballad::bonny


Musical notation for the chorus of "Jingle Bells" About this sound Play 

A refrain (from Vulgar Latin refringere, "to repeat", and later from Old French refraindre) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the "chorus" of a song. Poetic fixed forms that feature refrains include the villanelle, the virelay, and the sestina.

The use of refrains is particularly associated with where the verse-chorus-verse song structure typically places a refrain in almost every song. The refrain or chorus often sharply contrasts the verse melodically, rhythmically, and harmonically, and assumes a higher level of dynamics and activity, often with added instrumentation. Chorus form, or strophic form, is a sectional and/or additive way of structuring a piece of music based on the repetition of one formal section or block played repeatedly. See also verse-chorus form.

Refrain sections
Intro  Usage in history   In popular music    Arranger's chorus    Shout chorus    See also    References   

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