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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} {{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:73|48|26|N|54|58|54|E| |primary |name= }}

Tsar Bomba (Russian: Царь-бомба{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; "Tsar of bombs") is the nickname for the AN602 hydrogen bomb, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. Its test on October 30, 1961, remains the most powerful man-made explosion in human history. It was also referred to as Kuz'kina Mat' (Russian: Кузькина мать{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Kuzma's mother),<ref>Viktor Suvorov, Kuz'kina Mat'. A Chronicle of Great Decade, Dedicated to 50 years of Caribbean Crisis (Russian: Кузькина мать: Хроника великого десятилетия), Moscow, 2011, ISBN 978-5-98124-561-9</ref> referring to Nikita Khrushchev's promise to show the United States a "Kuz'kina Mat'" at the 1960 United Nations General Assembly. Developed by the Soviet Union, the bomb had the yield of 50 megaton TNT (210 PJ). Only one bomb of this type was ever officially built and it was detonated in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, at Sukhoy Nos.<ref name="Sakharov memoirs">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref name="CIA" />

The remaining bomb casings are located at the Russian Atomic Weapon Museum, Sarov (Arzamas-16), and the Museum of Nuclear Weapons, All-Russian Research Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhinsk (Chelyabinsk-70). Neither of these casings has the same antenna configuration as the device that was tested.

Many names are attributed to the Tsar Bomba in the literature: Project 7000; product code 202 (Izdeliye 202); article designations RDS-220 (РДС-220), RDS-202 (РДС-202), RN202 (PH202), AN602 (AH602); codename Vanya; nicknames Big Ivan, Tsar Bomba, Kuz'kina Mat. The term Tsar Bomba was coined in an analogy with other massive Russian objects: the Tsar Kolokol (Tsar Bell), Tsar Tank and the Tsar Pushka (Tsar Cannon). The CIA designated the test as "JOE 111".<ref name="CIA">Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Estimate 11-2A-62, "Soviet Atomic Energy Program", (16 May 1962), pages 2 and 13.</ref>


Tsar Bomba sections
Intro   Design    Test    Analysis    Films    See also    References    External links   

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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} {{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:73|48|26|N|54|58|54|E| |primary |name= }}

Tsar Bomba (Russian: Царь-бомба{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; "Tsar of bombs") is the nickname for the AN602 hydrogen bomb, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. Its test on October 30, 1961, remains the most powerful man-made explosion in human history. It was also referred to as Kuz'kina Mat' (Russian: Кузькина мать{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Kuzma's mother),<ref>Viktor Suvorov, Kuz'kina Mat'. A Chronicle of Great Decade, Dedicated to 50 years of Caribbean Crisis (Russian: Кузькина мать: Хроника великого десятилетия), Moscow, 2011, ISBN 978-5-98124-561-9</ref> referring to Nikita Khrushchev's promise to show the United States a "Kuz'kina Mat'" at the 1960 United Nations General Assembly. Developed by the Soviet Union, the bomb had the yield of 50 megaton TNT (210 PJ). Only one bomb of this type was ever officially built and it was detonated in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, at Sukhoy Nos.<ref name="Sakharov memoirs">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref name="CIA" />

The remaining bomb casings are located at the Russian Atomic Weapon Museum, Sarov (Arzamas-16), and the Museum of Nuclear Weapons, All-Russian Research Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhinsk (Chelyabinsk-70). Neither of these casings has the same antenna configuration as the device that was tested.

Many names are attributed to the Tsar Bomba in the literature: Project 7000; product code 202 (Izdeliye 202); article designations RDS-220 (РДС-220), RDS-202 (РДС-202), RN202 (PH202), AN602 (AH602); codename Vanya; nicknames Big Ivan, Tsar Bomba, Kuz'kina Mat. The term Tsar Bomba was coined in an analogy with other massive Russian objects: the Tsar Kolokol (Tsar Bell), Tsar Tank and the Tsar Pushka (Tsar Cannon). The CIA designated the test as "JOE 111".<ref name="CIA">Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Estimate 11-2A-62, "Soviet Atomic Energy Program", (16 May 1962), pages 2 and 13.</ref>


Tsar Bomba sections
Intro   Design    Test    Analysis    Films    See also    References    External links   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Design
<<>>