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Quebec
Québec (French)
[[File:Flag of Quebec.svg|125px|border|alt=|Flag of Quebec]]
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Je me souviens
(I remember)
Capital Québec

- class="mergedrow"

Largest city

Montréal

Largest metro Greater Montreal
Official languages French<ref name=language>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation CitationClass=web

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Demonym Quebecer, </br>Québécois (m)<ref name="Oxford Guide">The term Québécois (feminine: Québécoise), which is usually reserved for francophone Quebecers, may be rendered in English without both e-acute (é): Quebecois (fem.: Quebecoise). (Oxford Guide to Canadian English Usage; ISBN 0-19-541619-8; p. 335).</ref> / Québécoise (f)<ref name="Oxford Guide"/>
Government
Type Constitutional monarchy
Lieutenant Governor J. Michel Doyon
Premier Philippe Couillard (Liberal)
Legislature National Assembly of Quebec
Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament)
House seats 75 of 308 (24.4%)
Senate seats 24 of 105 (22.9%)
Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st, with ON, NS, NB)
Area  Ranked 2nd
Total convert}}
Land convert}}
Water (%) convert}} (11.5%)
Proportion of Canada 15.4% of 9,984,670 km2
Population  Ranked 2nd
Total (2014) 8,214,700 <ref name=StatCan2014>[1]</ref>
Density (2014) convert}}
GDP  Ranked 2nd
Total (2013) citation CitationClass=web

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Per capita C$44,499 (10th)
Abbreviations
Postal citation CitationClass=web

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ISO 3166-2 CA-QC
Time zone UTC−5, −4
Postal code prefix G, H, J
Flower Blue flag iris<ref name="Qsymbols"/>
Tree Yellow birch<ref name="Qsymbols"/>
Bird Snowy owl<ref name="Qsymbols"/>
Website www.gouv.qc.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Quebec ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; French: Québec{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [kebɛk])<ref name="EFname">According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is one of 81 locales of pan-Canadian significance with official forms in both languages. In this system, the official name of the capital is Québec in both official languages. The Quebec government renders both names as Québec in both languages.</ref> is a province in east-central Canada.<ref></ref><ref name="QLocation">Quebec is located in the eastern part of Canada, but is also historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada (with Ontario).</ref> It is the only Canadian province that has a predominantly French-speaking population, and the only one to have French as its sole provincial official language.

Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario, James Bay, and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; it is bordered on the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia.

Quebec is Canada's second most populous province, after Ontario. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The climate around the major cities is four-season continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but further north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Even in central Quebec at comparatively southerly latitudes winters are very severe in inland areas.

Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995; both were voted down by voters, the latter defeated by a very narrow margin.<ref name="georgetown1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} See drop-down essay on "History Since 1960"</ref> In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada."<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link] }} "The motion is largely seen as a symbolic recognition of the Québécois nation."</ref>

While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become a very economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Quebec sections
Intro  Etymology and boundary changes  Geography  History  Government and politics  Demographics  Economy  Science and technology  Infrastructure  Culture  National symbols  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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