::Pseudomonas putida


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Pseudomonas putida is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, saprotrophic soil bacterium. Based on 16S rRNA analysis, P. putida was taxonomically confirmed to be a pseudomonas species (sensu stricto) and placed, along with several other species, in the P. putida group, to which it lends its name.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

A variety of P. putida, called "multi-plasmid hydrocarbon-degrading Pseudomonas," is the first patented organism in the world. Because it is a living organism, the patent was disputed and brought before the United States Supreme Court in the historic court case Diamond v. Chakrabarty which the inventor, Ananda Mohan Chakrabarty, won. It demonstrates a very diverse metabolism, including the ability to degrade organic solvents such as toluene.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> This ability has been put to use in bioremediation, or the use of microorganisms to biodegrade oil. Use of P. putida is preferable to some other Pseudomonas species capable of such degradation, as it is a safe species of bacteria, unlike P. aeruginosa, for example, which is an opportunistic human pathogen.

Pseudomonas putida sections
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