Actions

::Progressivism

::concepts

Social::social    Title::progress    American::press    August::party    States::oxford    Economic::united

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=More footnotes |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}} Progressivism is a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition. Progressivism became highly significant during the Age of Enlightenment in Europe, out of the belief that Europe was demonstrating that societies could progress in civility from barbaric conditions to civilization through strengthening the basis of empirical knowledge as the foundation of society.<ref name="Harold Mah 1914. p157">Harold Mah. Enlightenment Phantasies: Cultural Identity in France and Germany, 1750-1914. Cornell University. (2003). p157.</ref> Figures of the Enlightenment believed that progress had universal application to all societies and that these ideas would spread across the world from Europe.<ref name="Harold Mah 1914. p157"/> Sociologist Robert Nisbet defines five "crucial premises" of the Idea of Progress as being: value of the past; nobility of Western civilization; worth of economic/technological growth; reason over faith (scientific/scholarly knowledge obtained through reason and learning must supersede faith); the intrinsic importance and worth of life on Earth.<ref>Nisbet, Robert (1980). History of the Idea of Progress. New York: Basic Books. p. 4.</ref> Beyond this, the meanings of progressivism have varied over time and from different perspectives.

The contemporary common political conception of progressivism in the culture of the Western world emerged from the vast social changes brought about by industrialization in the Western world in the late 19th century, particularly out of the view that progress was being stifled by vast economic inequality between the rich and the poor; minimally regulated laissez-faire capitalism with out-of-control monopolistic corporations; and intense and often violent conflict between workers and capitalists, thus claiming that measures were needed to address these problems.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>


Progressivism sections
Intro  Progressivism in philosophy and politics  See also  Notes  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Progressivism in philosophy and politics
<<>>