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Madam Ada Castello and her horse Jupiter, poster for Ringling Brothers, ca. 1899.jpg

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A poster is any piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface.<ref>[Gosling, Peter. (1999). Scientist's Guide to Poster Presentations. New York: Kluwer. ISBN 978-0-306-46076-0.]</ref> Typically posters include both textual and graphic elements, although a poster may be either wholly graphical or wholly text. Posters are designed to be both eye-catching and informative. Posters may be used for many purposes. They are a frequent tool of advertisers (particularly of events, musicians and films), propagandists, protestors and other groups trying to communicate a message. Posters are also used for reproductions of artwork, particularly famous works, and are generally low-cost compared to original artwork. The modern poster, as we know it, however, dates back to the 1840s and 1850s when the printing industry perfected colour lithography and made mass production possible." <ref>Stephen Eskilson, Graphic Design: A New History, Yale University Press, 2012, pp. 43-7.</ref>

Poster sections
Intro  History  Decline and resurgence  Commercial uses  Poster printing  Types of poster designs  Vintage poster restoration/conservation  See also   References  Further reading  External links  

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