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Post-punk is a type of rock music that emerged from the punk rock movement of the 1970s. The term refers to music that draws inspiration from elements of punk, including its musical energy, ideological provocation, and DIY approach, while moving beyond its particular sonic characteristics, preoccupations, and cultural affiliations.<ref name="Erlewine">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=Quietus>The Quietus</ref><ref name= Reynolds>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Though varying across regions and artists, common characteristics of post-punk music included experimentation with production techniques and non-rock styles such as funk, dub reggae, electronic music, disco, and the avant-garde;<ref name="Erlewine">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> the rejection of aesthetics perceived of as traditional, hegemonic, or rock-oriented in favor of novel and/or challenging features;<ref>The Guardian</ref><ref name=Quietus/> and the appropriation of ideas from modernist art, literature, politics, and theory into musical and pop cultural contexts.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> In some locations, most notably Northern England and Lower Manhattan, the development of post-punk accompanied the growth of efficacious subcultures, which played important roles in the production of art, multimedia festivals, fanzines, and independent labels related to the music.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Early post-punk acts include Public Image Ltd, Pere Ubu, Joy Division, the Fall, the Durutti Column, the Pop Group, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Devo, and Talking Heads. Seeing its greatest period of growth in the late 1970s and early 1980s, post-punk music was closely related to the development of genres such as gothic rock and industrial music, and would eventually provide the impetus for much subsequent alternative and independent music. In subsequent decades, the style has occasionally been subject to renewed popularity and musical revivals.


Post-punk sections
Intro  Origins of term  History   Influence    See also    References    Sources    Further reading    External links   

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