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Forest Park is the largest wilderness park in the United States that is located within city limits

Parks and greenspace planning date back to John Charles Olmsted's 1903 Report to the Portland Park Board. In 1995, voters in the Portland metropolitan region passed a regional bond measure to acquire valuable natural areas for fish, wildlife, and people.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Ten years later, more than {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} of ecologically valuable natural areas had been purchased and permanently protected from development.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Portland is one of only four cities in the U.S. with extinct volcanoes within its boundaries (along with Pilot Butte in Bend, Oregon, Jackson Volcano in Jackson, Mississippi, and Diamond Head in Honolulu, Hawaii). Mount Tabor Park is known for its scenic views and historic reservoirs.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Forest Park is the largest wilderness park within city limits in the United States, covering more than {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Portland is also home to Mill Ends Park, the world's smallest park (a two-foot-diameter circle, the park's area is only about 0.3 m2). Washington Park is just west of downtown, and is home to the Oregon Zoo, the Portland Japanese Garden, and the International Rose Test Garden. Portland is also home to Lan Su Chinese Garden (formerly the Portland Classical Chinese Garden), an authentic representation of a Suzhou-style walled garden.

Tom McCall Waterfront Park runs along the west bank of the Willamette for the length of downtown. The {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} park was built in 1974 after Harbor Drive was removed and now hosts large events throughout the year. Portland's downtown features two groups of contiguous city blocks dedicated for park space: the North and South Park Blocks.

Tryon Creek State Natural Area is one of three Oregon State Parks in Portland and the most popular; its creek has a run of steelhead. The other two State Parks are Willamette Stone State Heritage Site located in the West Hills and the Government Island State Recreation Area located in the Columbia River near Portland International Airport.

Portland's city park system has been proclaimed one of the best in America. In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land reported that Portland had the 7th best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. cities.<ref>Belz, Kristin. "New York Parks Rank No. 2 in a Survey of 50 U.S. cities". June 12, 2013. Portland Monthly Magazine. Retrieved on July 18, 2013.</ref> ParkScore ranks city park systems by a formula that analyzes the city's median park size, park acres as percent of city area, the percent of city residents within a half-mile of a park, spending of park services per resident, and the number of playgrounds per 10,000 residents. The survey revealed that 80% of Portlanders live within a half-mile to a park and over 16% of Portland's city area is parkland.

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