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Pinyin, or Hanyu Pinyin, is the official phonetic system for transcribing the Mandarin pronunciations of Chinese characters into the Latin alphabet in mainland China, Taiwan,<ref name=snowling>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and Singapore. It is often used to teach Standard Chinese and a pinyin without diacritic markers is often used in foreign publications to spell Chinese names familiar to non-Chinese and may be used as an input method to enter Chinese characters into computers.

The Hanyu Pinyin system was developed in the 1950s based on earlier forms of romanization. It was published by the Chinese government in 1958 and revised several times.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982.<ref name="ISO1982">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The system was adopted as the official standard in Taiwan in 2009, where it is used for romanization alone rather than for educational and computer input purposes.<ref name="pinyin_tt">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref name="pinyin_cp">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

The word Hànyǔ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ({{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}) means the spoken language of the Han people and pīnyīn{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ({{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}) literally means "spelled-out sounds".<ref>The on-line version of the canonical Guoyu Cidian ({{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}) defines this term as: {{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}(A system of symbols for notation of the sounds of words rather than for their meanings that is sufficient to accurately record some language.) See http://dict.revised.moe.edu.tw/cgi-bin/newDict/dict.sh?cond=++%AB%F7%AD%B5&pieceLen=50&fld=1&cat=&ukey=2123466121&serial=1&recNo=2&op=f&imgFont=1, accessed 14 September 2012.</ref>


Pinyin sections
Intro  History of romanization of Chinese characters before 1949   History of Hanyu Pinyin (1949 to present)   Usage  Overview  Initials and finals  Rules given in terms of English pronunciation   Orthography    Tones    The \u00fc sound   Pinyin in Taiwan  Comparison with other orthographies  Other languages   See also   References  Further reading  External links  

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