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Republic of the Philippines
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa"<ref name=ra8491>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


"For God, People, Nature, and Country"
Anthem: Lupang Hinirang
Chosen Land
Great Seal
Seal of the Philippines.svg
Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}  (Tagalog)
Great Seal of the Philippines
Location of the Philippines (green) in ASEAN (dark grey).
Location of the Philippines (green) in ASEAN (dark grey).

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Largest city Quezon City

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Official languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Recognised regional languages {{safesubst:#invoke:collapsible list|main}}
Optional languagesb {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Ethnic groups (2010<ref name="NSO">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


Demonym Filipino (masculine)
Filipina (feminine)

Philippine (English)
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Benigno S. Aquino III
 -  Vice President Jejomar Binay
 -  Senate President Franklin Drilon
 -  House Speaker Feliciano Belmonte, Jr.
 -  Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno
Legislature Congress
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence from Spainc and the United States d
 -  Independence from Spain declared 12 June 1898 
 -  Self-government 24 March 1934 
 -  Independence from the United States recognized 4 July 1946 
 -  Current constitution 2 February 1987 
 -  Total 300,000 km2 (73rd)
{{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.61<ref name=CIAfactbook>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (inland waters)
 -  Land 298,170 km2
{{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} sq mi
 -  2015 estimate (12th)
 -  2010 census 92,337,852
 -  Density Expression error: Unexpected < operator./km2 (43rd)
Expression error: Unexpected < operator./sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $751.770 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Per capita $7,412<ref name=imf2/>
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $330.259 billion<ref name=imf2/>
 -  Per capita $3,256<ref name=imf2/>
Gini (2009)positive decrease 43.0<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


medium · 44th
HDI (2013)Increase 0.660<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


medium · 117th
Currency Peso (Filipino: piso{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) (₱) (PHP)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
Date format {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Drives on the right<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


Calling code +63
ISO 3166 code PH
Internet TLD .ph
a. ^a While Manila proper is designated as capital, the whole of Metro Manila is designated as seat of government.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


b. ^b The 1987 Philippine constitution specifies, "Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis."<ref name=OfficialLang/>
c. ^c Philippine revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, but Spain ceded the islands to the United States for $20 million in the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898 which eventually led to the Philippine–American War.
d. ^d The United States of America recognized the independence of the Philippines on July 4, 1946 through the Treaty of Manila,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=citation }}</ref> and this was chosen because it corresponds to the American Independence Day, which was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until May 12, 1962, when President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, shifting it to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo's proclamation.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web


The Philippines ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Filipino: Pilipinas{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of 7,107 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City; both are part of Metro Manila.

To the north of the Philippines across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan Island; Vietnam sits west across the South China Sea; southwest lies Malaysia in the island of Borneo across the Sulu Sea, and to the south the Celebes Sea separates it from other islands of Indonesia; while to the east it is bounded by the Philippine Sea and the island-nation of Palau. Its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. At approximately {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}, the Philippines is the 64th-largest country in the world.

With a population of about 100 million people,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> the Philippines is the seventh-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. An additional 12 million Filipinos live overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples.<ref name="Dyen1965">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Exchanges with Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Islamic states occurred. Then, various nations were established under the rule of Datus, Rajahs, Sultans or Lakans.

The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Spanish colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Spanish settlement in the archipelago was established.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in the Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion in the country. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific Manila–Acapulco galleon trade connecting Asia with the Americas.<ref name=Kane>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, there followed in quick succession the Philippine Revolution, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, and the Philippine–American War.<ref name=Constantino1975/> Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until 1945. After World War II, the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which includes the overthrow of a dictatorship by a nonviolent revolution.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The nation's large population and economic potential have led it to be classified as a middle power. It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and East Asia Summit. It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country,<ref>The N-11: More Than an Acronym - Goldman Sachs</ref> which has an economy transitioning from being one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing.<ref name=CIAfactbookPhilEcon>CIA World Factbook, Philippines, Retrieved May 15, 2009.</ref>

Philippines sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Politics  Geography  Economy  Demographics  Health  Education  Culture  See also  References  External links  

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