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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Protection banner|main}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Infobox body of water tracking|tracking}} The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia. An extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz, it lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest.<ref name="unstats.un.org">United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names Working Paper No. 61, 23rd Session, Vienna, 28 March – 4 April 2006. accessed October 9, 2010</ref> The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline.

The Persian Gulf was a battlefield of the 1980–1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers. It is the namesake of the 1991 Gulf War, the largely air- and land-based conflict that followed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

The gulf has many fishing grounds, extensive coral reefs, and abundant pearl oysters, but its ecology has been damaged by industrialization and oil spills.

The body of water is historically and internationally known as the "Persian Gulf".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Some Arab governments refer to it as the "Arabian Gulf" or "The Gulf",<ref name="LINK">Niusha Boghrati, Omission of 'Persian Gulf' Name Angers Iran, World Press.com, December 28, 2006</ref> but neither term is recognized internationally. The name "Gulf of Iran (Persian Gulf)" is used by the International Hydrographic Organization.<ref name="IHO">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Persian Gulf sections
Intro  Geography  Oil and gas  Etymology  Naming dispute  History  Islands  Cities and population  Wildlife  See also  References  External links  

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