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Parmenides of Elea ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Greek: Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; fl. late sixth or early fifth century BCE) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia (Greater Greece, included Southern Italy). He was the founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy. The single known work of Parmenides is a poem, On Nature, which has survived only in fragmentary form. In this poem, Parmenides describes two views of reality. In "the way of truth" (a part of the poem), he explains how reality (coined as "what-is") is one, change is impossible, and existence is timeless, uniform, necessary, and unchanging. In "the way of opinion," he explains the world of appearances, in which one's sensory faculties lead to conceptions which are false and deceitful. These ideas had a strong effect on Plato, and in turn, influenced the whole of Western philosophy.


Parmenides sections
Intro  Early life  Career  Theory  On Nature   Interpretations of Parmenides   Influence on the development of science  Influence on literature   Notes    References and further reading    External links   

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