Biological and non-biological parentage::Parent
Parents::mother Parent::their Father::child Genetic::category Family::title Conflict::there
Biological and non-biological parentage Like mothers, fathers may be categorized according to their biological, social or legal relationship with the child. Historically, the biological relationship paternity has been determinative of fatherhood. However, proof of paternity has been intrinsically problematic and so social rules often determined who would be regarded as a father e.g. the husband of the mother.
Intro Biological and non-biological parentage Biological parents and paternity testing Foster care and adoption Stepparents Child abuse and infanticide Parental investment and parent\u2013offspring conflict Mother Father Grandparent Parent\u2013offspring conflict Empathy Optimal gender mix See also References External links
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