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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} A parent is a caretaker of the offspring in their own species. In humans, a parent is of a child (where "child" refers to offspring, not necessarily age). A biological parent consists of a person whose gamete resulted in a child, a male through the sperm, and a female through the ovum. Parents are first-degree relatives and have 50% genetic meet. A female can also become a parent through surrogacy. Some parents may be adoptive parents, who nurture and raise an offspring, but are not actually biologically related to the child. Orphans without adoptive parents can be raised by their grandparents or other family members.

A parent can also be elaborated as an ancestor removed one generation. With recent medical advances, it is possible to have more than two biological parents.<ref>UK government backs three-person IVF retrieved 30 June 2013</ref><ref>The Law of Sex Discrimination - Page 374, Nadine Taub, Beth Anne Wolfson, Carla M. Palumbo</ref><ref>Browne C. Lewis - 2012, Papa's Baby: Paternity and Artificial Insemination, Page 136</ref> Examples of third biological parents include instances involving surrogacy or a third person who has provided DNA samples during an assisted reproductive procedure that has altered the recipients genetic material.<ref>Reproductive Technologies - Page 25, Louise I. Gerdes - 2009</ref>

The most common types of parents are mothers, fathers, and grandparents. A mother is "a woman in relation to a child or children to whom she has given birth."<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Parent sections
Intro  Biological and non-biological parentage  Biological parents and paternity testing  Foster care and adoption  Stepparents  Child abuse and infanticide  Parental investment and parent\u2013offspring conflict  Mother  Father  Grandparent  Parent\u2013offspring conflict  Empathy  Optimal gender mix  See also  References  External links  

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