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The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, lit. "black and white cat-foot"; {{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}, lit. "big bear cat"),<ref name="Scheff Duncan">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear<ref name="Lindburg, Donald G.; Baragona, Karen 2004">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> native to south central China.<ref name="iucn"/> It is easily recognized by the large, distinctive black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. The name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda's diet is over 99% bamboo.<ref>Quote: "Bamboo forms 99 percent of a panda's diet", "more than 99 percent of their diet is bamboo": p. 63 of {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} (as seen in the 2002 edition).</ref> Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China, mainly in Sichuan province, but also in neighbouring provinces, namely Shaanxi and Gansu.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> As a result of farming, deforestation, and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived.

The giant panda is a conservation reliant endangered species.<ref name=wwf1>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> A 2007 report shows 239 pandas living in captivity inside China and another 27 outside the country.<ref name="Xinhua1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> As of December 2014, 49 giant pandas live in captivity outside China, living in 18 zoos in 13 different countries.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Wild population estimates vary; one estimate shows that there are about 1,590 individuals living in the wild,<ref name="Xinhua1" /> while a 2006 study via DNA analysis estimated that this figure could be as high as 2,000 to 3,000.<ref name="BBC_06-07">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Some reports also show that the number of giant pandas in the wild is on the rise.<ref name="pandasinc">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> On March 2015, Mongabay stated the wild giant panda population increased by 268, or 16.8%, totaling to 1,864 individuals.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> However, the IUCN does not believe there is enough certainty yet to reclassify the species from endangered to vulnerable.<ref name="iucn">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

While the dragon has often served as China's national emblem, internationally the giant panda appears at least as commonly. As such, it is becoming widely used within China in international contexts, for example as one of the five Fuwa mascots of the Beijing Olympics.


Giant panda sections
Intro  Description  Behavior  Diet  Genomics  Classification  Uses and human interaction  Conservation  Reproduction  Name  In zoos   Population chart   See also  References  External links  

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{{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}}{{#invoke:Protection banner|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, lit. "black and white cat-foot"; {{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}, lit. "big bear cat"),<ref name="Scheff Duncan">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear<ref name="Lindburg, Donald G.; Baragona, Karen 2004">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> native to south central China.<ref name="iucn"/> It is easily recognized by the large, distinctive black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. The name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda's diet is over 99% bamboo.<ref>Quote: "Bamboo forms 99 percent of a panda's diet", "more than 99 percent of their diet is bamboo": p. 63 of {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}} (as seen in the 2002 edition).</ref> Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China, mainly in Sichuan province, but also in neighbouring provinces, namely Shaanxi and Gansu.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> As a result of farming, deforestation, and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived.

The giant panda is a conservation reliant endangered species.<ref name=wwf1>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> A 2007 report shows 239 pandas living in captivity inside China and another 27 outside the country.<ref name="Xinhua1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> As of December 2014, 49 giant pandas live in captivity outside China, living in 18 zoos in 13 different countries.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Wild population estimates vary; one estimate shows that there are about 1,590 individuals living in the wild,<ref name="Xinhua1" /> while a 2006 study via DNA analysis estimated that this figure could be as high as 2,000 to 3,000.<ref name="BBC_06-07">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Some reports also show that the number of giant pandas in the wild is on the rise.<ref name="pandasinc">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> On March 2015, Mongabay stated the wild giant panda population increased by 268, or 16.8%, totaling to 1,864 individuals.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> However, the IUCN does not believe there is enough certainty yet to reclassify the species from endangered to vulnerable.<ref name="iucn">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

While the dragon has often served as China's national emblem, internationally the giant panda appears at least as commonly. As such, it is becoming widely used within China in international contexts, for example as one of the five Fuwa mascots of the Beijing Olympics.


Giant panda sections
Intro  Description  Behavior  Diet  Genomics  Classification  Uses and human interaction  Conservation  Reproduction  Name  In zoos   Population chart   See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Description
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