::Pahlavi dynasty


Pahlavi::mohammad    Iranian::persian    Dynasty::imperial    Style::prince    Small::islamic    Persia::language

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="3" class="fn org summary" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.2em; font-size:115%; font-weight:bold;" دودمان پهلوی{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Motto
مرا داد فرمود و خود داور است
"Marâ dâd farmoudo xod dâvar ast"
"Justice He [God] bids me do, as He will judge me"<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation ="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Anthem
سرود شاهنشاهی ایران
Sorude Šâhanšâhiye Irân
Imperial Salute of Iran
="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"

="2" Capital ="width:50%;" Tehran

="2" Languages Persian

="2" Shah || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1925–1941 Reza Pahlavi - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1941–1979 Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" ="2" Prime Minister - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1925–1926 (first)Mohammad-Ali Foroughi - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1979 (last) - class="mergedtoprow" ="2" LegislatureDeliberative assembly - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Upper house Senate - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Lower house National Consultative Assembly ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran ="vertical-align: bottom;"25 August – 17 September 1941 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Coup d'etat ="vertical-align: bottom;"19 August 1953 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"White Revolution ="vertical-align: bottom;"26 January 1963 ="2" CurrencyRial
Pahlavi dynasty


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Government Constitutional monarchy
Shapour Bakhtiar

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Historical era 20th century
 •  Established 15 December 1925
 •  Iranian Revolution 11 February 1979

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The Pahlavi dynasty (Persian: دودمان پهلوی‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎) was the ruling house of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former Brigadier-General of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

The Pahlavis came to power after Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last ruler of the Qajar dynasty, proved unable to stop British and Soviet encroachment on Iranian sovereignty, had his position extremely weakened by a military coup, and was removed from power by the parliament while in France. The National Assembly, known as the Majlis, convening as a Constituent Assembly on 12 December 1925, deposed the young Ahmad Shah Qajar, and declared Reza Shah the new monarch of the Imperial State of Persia. In 1935, Reza Shah instructed foreign embassies to call Persia by its ancient name, Iran, so the official name became the Imperial State of Iran (Persian: کشور شاهنشاهی ایران‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎ Keshvar-e Shāhanshāhi-ye Irān) since then.

Faced with growing public discontent and popular rebellion throughout 1978, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi went into exile with his family in January 1979, sparking a series of events that quickly led to the dissolution of the state on 11 February 1979, officially ending the 2,500-year-old tradition of monarchy in Iran.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> At the death of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi on 27 July 1980, his son Reza Pahlavi became the head of the Pahlavi royal family.

Pahlavi dynasty sections
Intro  Establishment  World War II  Cold War  Collapse of the dynasty  Legacy  Heads of the Pahlavi dynasty  Use of titles  Human rights  Corruption  See also  References and notes  External links  

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