::Orange (colour)


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Orange is the colour between red and yellow on the spectrum of light, and in the traditional colour wheel used by painters. Its name is derived from the fruit orange.

In Europe and America, orange is commonly associated with amusement, the unconventional, extroverts, fire, activity, danger, taste and aroma, the autumn season, and Protestantism. In Asia, it is an important symbolic colour of Buddhism and Hinduism.<ref>Eva Heller, Psychologie de la couleur: effets et symboliques, pp. 149–158</ref>

The colour orange is named after the appearance of the ripe orange fruit.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The word comes from the Old French orenge, from the old term for the fruit, pomme d'orenge. That name comes from the Arabic naranj, through the Persian naranj, derived from the Sanskrit naranga.<ref>Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, 2002.</ref> The first recorded use of orange as a colour name in English was in 1512,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> in a will now filed with the Public Record Office.

Before this word was introduced to the English-speaking world, saffron already existed in the English language.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Crog also referred to the saffron colour, so that orange was also referred to as ġaggarola spafintolba (yellow-red) for reddish orange, or ġeolucrog (yellow-saffron) for yellowish orange.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Alternatively orange things were sometimes described as red such as red deer, red hair, the Red Planet and robin redbreast.

Orange (colour) sections
Intro  In nature and culture  History and art  Science  Culture, associations and symbolism  See also  References  Notes  External links  

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