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Sultanate of Oman
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Flag of Oman National emblem of Oman
Flag National emblem
Anthem: نشيد السلام السلطاني{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}
"as-Salām as-Sultānī"
"Sultanic Salutation"
2}}(light yellow)
Location of  Oman{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(red)

in the Arabian Peninsula{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(light yellow)

and largest city

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Official languages Arabic
Religion Islam
Demonym Omani
Government Unitary Parliamentary Absolute monarchy
 -  Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said
 -  Deputy Prime Minister Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Council of State (Majlis al-Dawla)
 -  Lower house Consultative Assembly (Majlis al-Shura)
 -  The Azd tribe migration Late 2nd century 
 -  Imamate established<ref></ref> 751 
 -  House of Al Said 1744 
 -  Total 309,501 km2 (70th)
119,498 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2015 estimate 3,286,936<ref name="pop"/> (129th)
 -  2010 census 2,773,479<ref name="2010Census">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Density 13/km2 (216th)
34/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $163.627 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Per capita $44,062<ref name=imf2/>
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $80.539 billion<ref name=imf2/>
 -  Per capita $21,687<ref name=imf2/>
HDI (2013)File:Steady2.svg 0.783<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


high · 56th
Currency Rial (OMR)
Time zone GST (UTC+4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +968
ISO 3166 code OM
Internet TLD .om, عمان.

Oman ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} oh-MAAN; Arabic: عمان‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ʻUmān), officially the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عُمان‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Salṭanat ʻUmān), is an Arab country in the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the nation is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast. The Madha and Musandam exclaves are surrounded by the UAE on their land borders, with the Strait of Hormuz and Gulf of Oman forming Musandam's coastal boundaries.

From the late 17th century, the Omani Sultanate was a powerful empire, vying with Portugal and Britain for influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in the 19th century, Omani influence or control extended across the Strait of Hormuz to modern-day Iran and Pakistan, and as far south as Zanzibar (today part of Tanzania, also former capital).<ref name="etn.sagepub.com">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> As its power declined in the 20th century, the sultanate came under the influence of the United Kingdom. Historically, Muscat was the principal trading port of the Persian Gulf region. Muscat was also among the most important trading ports of the Indian Ocean. Oman's official religion is Islam.

Oman is an absolute monarchy.<ref name="rule"/> The Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said has been the hereditary leader of the country since 1970.<ref name="rule"/> Sultan Qaboos is the longest-serving ruler in the Middle East.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Oman's human rights record has been the subject of criticism.<ref name=torture>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="prev"/><ref name="bti"/>

Unlike its resource-rich neighbors, Oman has modest oil reserves, ranking 25th globally.<ref name="autogenerated1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Nevertheless, in 2010 the UNDP ranked Oman as the most improved nation in the world in terms of development during the preceding 40 years. Oman is categorized as a high-income economy and ranks as the 59th most peaceful country in the world according to the Global Peace Index.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Oman sections
Intro   History    Geography    Politics   Administrative divisions   Economy    Demographics    Culture    Education    Health    See also    Notes    References    External links   

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